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Die Kulturpflanze

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 173–187 | Cite as

Biochemische Aspekte der parasitären Wechselbeziehungen zwischen Nematoden (Heterodera A. Schmidt, 1871 undMeloidogyne Goeldi, 1887) und Pflanzengeweben

  • Günther Sembdner
Originalarbeiten

Zusammenfassung

In einer Übersicht wurden bis 1967 veröffentlichte Ergebnisse über einige biochemisch-physiologische Aspekte der Wirt-Parasit-Beziehungen zwischen Pflanzengeweben und Nematoden der GattungenHeterodera undMeloidogyne zusammengestellt. Dabei wurden vor allem berücksichtigt: 1. Methodische Möglichkeiten der pflanzlichen Organ- und Gewebekultur; 2. Bedeutung von Nematoden-Enzymen; 3. Wachstumsregulatoren und Gallinduktion; 4. Riesenzellbildung und -stoffwechsel; 5. der Mineralstoffwechsel im Wirt-Parasit-Komplex sowie 6. die Atmung nematodenbefallener Gewebe.

Summary

A compilation has been given for some biochemical and physiological characteristics of host-parasit-relationships between plant tissues and nematodes of the generaHeterodera andMeloidogyne published up to 1967. Especially the following topics have been considered: 1. Usefulness of cultures of excised plant organs and tissues; 2. importance of nematode enzymes; 3. plant growth regulators and gall induction; 4. formation and metabolism of giant cells; 5. mineral nutrition within the host-parasit-complex; 6. respiration of plant tissues invaded by nematodes.

Краткое содержание

Дается сводка результатов исследований, опубликованных до 1967 г., по вопросам биохимически-физиол огическ их связей хозяина и паразита у нематод родовHeterodera иMeloidogyne. Главное внимание обращается на следующие проблемы: 1 — методические возможности культуры растительных тканей и органов; 2 — значение энзимов, выделяемых нематодами; 3 — регуляторы роста и индукция галлообразования; 4 — образование гигантских клеток и их метаболизм; 5 — минеральный обмен веществ в комплексе хозяин-паразит; 6 — дыхание тканей, пораженных нематодами.

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© Akademie-Verlag GmbH 1968

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  • Günther Sembdner

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