Minerals and the Environment

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 32–38 | Cite as

Management options for rehabilitation and enhancement of surface-mined ecosystems

  • John CairnsJr
Article

Abstract

There are four basic management options for surface-mined land: (a)restoration to original condition; (b)rehabilitation of some desirable characteristics; (c) development ofalternative ecosystems that may be quite unlike the original but may be desirable for a variety of reasons; (d)neglect ornatural reclamation when evidence suggests that unaided natural processes will produce better results than human intervention. Checklists are provided so that essential information will be available in selecting the most suitable option.

Keywords

Geochemistry Natural Process Management Option Original Condition Human Intervention 

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Copyright information

© Science and Technology Letters 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • John CairnsJr
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State University BlacksburgVirginiaUSA

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