Optical and Quantum Electronics

, Volume 22, Supplement 1, pp S167–S198 | Cite as

Optical characterization of tunable solid-state laser gain media

  • B. Henderson
  • M. Yamaga
  • K. P. Donnell
Papers

Abstract

The transition metal ions are optical centres that promise tunable laser operation at room temperature over much of the visible and near-infrared regions. This review presents the essential characteristics used in optical assessment of possible laser-active solids and some of the theory required to understand the experimental results. Also presented is a survey of the main features of the optical absorption-emission cycle, luminescence decay profiles, optical bandshapes and excited-state absorption for Ti3+, Cr3+ and Co2+ ions in (essentially) octahedral environments. Finally, materials characteristics (for example, radiative against non-radiative decay, excited-state absorption and disorder) that limit laser performance are discussed.

Keywords

Laser Operation Gain Medium Tunable Laser Optical Characterization Optical Centre 

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Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd. 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Henderson
    • 1
  • M. Yamaga
    • 2
  • K. P. Donnell
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physics and Applied PhysicsUniversity of StrathclydeGlasgowUK
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Faculty of General EducationGifu UniversityGifuJapan

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