Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 13, Issue 6, pp 543–557 | Cite as

Maternal employment and adolescents' relations with parents, siblings, and peers

  • Raymond Montemayor


The association between maternal employment status and the relations that adolescents have with their parents, siblings, and peers was investigated. Three daily reports of conflicts with family members and time spent with parents, peers, and alone were obtained from 64 tenth-grade adolescents using a telephone interviewing technique. Males, but not females, had more arguments, which were of longer duration and greater intensity, with their mothers and siblings when their mothers worked than when they did not. Female conflict behavior was unrelated to the work status of the mother. Adolescents of both sexes spent less time with their parents when their mothers worked, especially when they worked full-time, than when they were nonemployed. Adolescents with employed mothers generally spent less free time with their parents than those with nonemployed mothers. Time spent with parents in the performance of household tasks was not affected by maternal employment status. The need to take a family system perspective in order to understand fully the relationship between maternal employment and adolescent development was emphasized.


Family Member Health Psychology Work Status Employment Status School Psychology 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymond Montemayor
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Family and Consumer StudiesUniversity of UtahSalt Lake City

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