Digestive Diseases and Sciences

, Volume 41, Issue 8, pp 1654–1655 | Cite as

Response by Dr. Loening-Bauke

  • Vera Loening-Baucke
Letters To The Editor


Public Health 


  1. 1.
    Loening-Baucke V: Biofeedback training in children with functional constipation: A critical review. Dig Dis Sci 41:65–71, 1996PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Loening-Baucke V: Modulation of abnormal defecation dynamics by biofeedback treatment in chronically constipated children with encopresis. J Pediatr 116:214–222, 1990PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Loening-Baucke V: Persistence of chronic constipation in children after biofeedback treatment. Dig Dis Sci 36:153–160, 1991PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Loening-Baucke V: Biofeedback treatment for chronic constipation and encopresis in childhood: Longterm outcome. Pediatrics 96:105–110, 1995PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wald A, Chandra R, Gabel S, Chiponis D: Evaluation of biofeedback in childhood encopresis. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 6:554–558, 1987PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cox DJ, Sutphen J, Borowitz S, Dickens MN, Singles J, Whitehead WE: Simple electromyographic biofeedback treatment for chronic pediatric constipation/encopresis: Preliminary report. Biofeedback Self Regul 19:41–50, 1994PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Nolan T, Catto-Smith A, Coffey C, Wells J: EMG biofeedback training in anismus-related encopresis does not produce sustained continence. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 149:48A, 1995Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vera Loening-Baucke
    • 1
  1. 1.University of IowaIowa City

Personalised recommendations