Kolloid-Zeitschrift und Zeitschrift für Polymere

, Volume 236, Issue 2, pp 170–172 | Cite as

Diffusion of solvent in membrane electrodes

  • M. Adhikari
Originalarbeiten Kolloide


The generation of a potential difference is caused, according toScatchard (12), by the transport of matter — electrolyte as well as non-electrolyte — through the membrane. Clay membranes are found to sorb water vapour and swell — the amount of each being indeed very small. The diffusion coefficient of water is found to be of the order of 10−7 cm2/sec. Na-form of membrane which swells more allows greater diffusion than the Ca-form which swells less. Again, presence of free oxides in membranes reduces swelling as well as diffusion.


Oxide Polymer Clay Physical Chemistry Water Vapour 
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Copyright information

© Dr. Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Adhikari
    • 1
  1. 1.the Department of Applied ChemistryCalcutta UniversityCalcutta(India)

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