Sozial- und Präventivmedizin

, Volume 33, Issue 7, pp 331–335 | Cite as

Selected aspects of AIDS among homosexual men

  • Michael C. Samuel
  • Robert R. Engel
Article
  • 15 Downloads

Summary

This report is a brief summary of important points concerning AIDS and homosexual men. We present the current overall figures of the cumulative AIDS incidence for Switzerland, the United States and the world and similar figures for homosexual men in Switzerland, the United States and Europe. A brief history of the epidemic is included with focus on the role of homosexual men. The main risk factors for acquiring HIV infection among homosexual men, including large numbers of sexual partners, receptive anal intercourse and rectal douching, are mentioned with emphasis on results from «The San Francisco Men's Health Study». The development of education and prevention programs is outlined along with the role in these areas of The Swiss AIDS Foundation and Swiss Federal Office of Public Health. Decreases in high risk sexual practices and decrease in seroconversion rates are also discussed.

Keywords

Risk Sexual Practice Anal Intercourse Seroconversion Rate Receptive Anal Intercourse High Risk Sexual Practice 

Quelques aspects du SIDA chez les hommes homosexuels

Résumé

Ce travail est un condensé des connaissances les plus importantes sur le SIDA et les hommes homosexuels: les données actuelles de l'incidence cumulée du SIDA en Suisse, aux USA et dans le monde, pour l'ensemble de la population et pour les hommes homosexuels sont présentées. L'histoire de l'épidémie de SIDA, avec un éclairage particulier sur le rôle des hommes homosexuels, est brièvement récapitulée. Les principaux facteurs de risque de contamination, tels que le grand nombre de partenaires sexuels, l'analisme réceptif et le «rectal-douching» sont présentés à l'exemple de la «San Francisco Men's Health Study». Le développement des programmes d'information et de prévention est esquissé, ainsi que la part qu'y ont pris l'Aide suisse contre le SIDA et l'Office fédéral de la santé publique. Enfin, la régression des comportement à risque et la baisse du taux des séroconversions sont commentées.

Einige Aspekte von AIDS bei homosexuellen Männern

Zusammenfassung

Die vorliegende Arbeit ist eine Zusammenfassung der wichtigsten Erkenntnisse über AIDS und homosexuelle Männer: Die aktuellen Daten der kumulativen AIDS-Inzidenz in der Schweiz, den USA und weltweit, insgesamt und für homosexuelle Männer, werden präsentiert; die Geschichte der AIDS-Epidemie, mit besonderem Augenmerk auf die Rolle der homosexuellen Männer, wird kurz rekapituliert. Es werden die hauptsächlichen Risikofaktoren, die zu einer Ansteckung führen können, wie die grosse Anzahl Sexualpartner, der rezeptive Analverkehr und das «rectal-douching» am Beispiel der «San Francisco Men's Health Study» vorgestellt. Die Entwicklung der Aufklärungs- und Präventionsprogramme wird aufgezeigt, sowie die Rolle, welche die AIDS-Hilfe Schweiz und das Bundesamt für Gesundheitswesen dabei spielen. Schliesslich werden der Rückgang von Risikoverhalten und der Rückgang der Serokonversionsraten diskutiert.

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Copyright information

© Schweiz Gesellschaft für Sozial- und Präventivmedizin 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael C. Samuel
    • 1
  • Robert R. Engel
    • 1
  1. 1.Swiss Federal Office of Public HealthBern

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