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Pediatric Cardiology

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 237–242 | Cite as

Medical management of three asymptomatic infants with severe valvar Aortic stenosis

  • William BermanJr.
  • Steven M. Yabek
  • Raymond R. Fripp
  • Rochelle Burstein
  • Terrence Dillon
  • Sue Corlew
Case Reports

Summary

We report on the clinical course and serial hemodynamic studies of three patients with severe valvar aortic stenosis diagnosed in the neonatal period. None of the children were symptomatic in the first year of life. In each case, a conservative initial management approach was adopted. Between the time of initial study (mean age, 1.8 months) and the follow-up at 12–27 months of age (mean, 14.3 months), mean left ventricular systolic pressure decreased from 151 to 125 mmHg, the mean peak systolic pressure gradient across the aortic valve decreased from 61 to 33 mmHg, and the mean calculated aortic valve area index increased from 0.24 to 0.60 cm2/m2. One patient was operated on for symptoms that appeared at 14 months of age. The patient followed longest is now 5 years old, is growing well, has a normal electrocardiogram and an echo-predicted left ventricular systolic pressure of 128 mmHg. This experience suggests that not all asymptomatic neonates with severe valvar aortic stenosis require surgical intervention early in life. In some, the aortic valve orifice may increase in size with somatic growth and obviate the need for surgery in infancy or early childhood.

Key words

Aortic valve Valve area Pressure gradient Valvotomy 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • William BermanJr.
    • 1
  • Steven M. Yabek
    • 1
  • Raymond R. Fripp
    • 1
  • Rochelle Burstein
    • 1
  • Terrence Dillon
    • 1
  • Sue Corlew
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, Cardiology DivisionUniversity of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA

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