Kinetics and mechanism of oxidation of substituted benzaldehydes by quinolinium fluorochromate
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The kinetics of oxidation of a number of meta- and para-substituted benzaldehydes by quinolinium fluorochromate, QFC has been studied in aqueous acetic acid medium in the presence of acid. The products of oxidation are the corresponding benzoic acids. The reaction is first order each in substrate, QFC and HClO4. Electron-withdrawing substituents increase the rate, while electron-releasing substituents decrease it and the rate data obey Hammett's relationship. The reaction constant ϱ for the oxidation has a value of 1.16±0.07 at 30°C. The activation enthalpies and entropies are calculated and the possible mechanism for oxidation is discussed.
KeywordsOxidation Entropy Enthalpy Acetic Acid Catalysis
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