Hyperfine Interactions

, Volume 90, Issue 1, pp 121–134 | Cite as

Mössbauer effect and TEM in mineralogy

  • E. A. Ferrow
Invited Papers


Mössbauer effect (ME) provides useful information on oxidation state, co-ordination number, co-ordination state, site occupancies, and magnetic properties of Fe-bearing phases. The information gained by ME together with the information provided by other conventional techniques is used to extract temperature, pressure, and kinetics of rockforming processes. Nevertheless, ME requires that the phases studied are homogeneous over an extremely large volume and that Fe is a major component of the system. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), on the other hand, provides similar information over a very small volume for a system of any component. However, present TEM spectrometers do not provide sufficient resolution to detect the mixed oxidation state. A complete characterisation of phases in rocks requires, therefore, that conventional techniques be combined with TEM.


Oxidation Thin Film Transmission Electron Microscopy Magnetic Property Large Volume 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© J.C. Baltzer AG, Science Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. A. Ferrow
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mineralogy and PetrologyLund UniversityLundSweden

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