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Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

, Volume 36, Issue 1, pp 445–454 | Cite as

Physiological and biochemical properties of two strains ofCephalosporium chrysogenum

  • M. A. Pisano
Article

Abstract

Two morphologically identical strains ofCephalosporium chrysogenum were compared with respect to physiological and biochemical properties. Similar patterns of carbohydrate and hydrocarbon utilization were noted for both strains. Each strain was enzymatically active against the following substrates: beef fat, arbutin, urea, casein, lignin, and cellulose. A yellow pigment was produced by both strains in various agar media. Vitamins were not essential for growth. Each organism could be cultivated in the presence of 40% glucose. Both strains yielded antibiotics inhibiting the growth of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. Chromatography of cell hydrolysates of theC. chrysogenum strains revealed the presence of ribose, glucose and galactose.

Keywords

Glucose Cellulose Agar Urea Carbohydrate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Swets & Zeitlinger 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. A. Pisano
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of MicrobiologyUniversity of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Centraalbureau voor SchimmelculturesBaarnThe Netherlands

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