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Diseases of the Colon & Rectum

, Volume 39, Issue 2, pp 143–147 | Cite as

Mutation of p53 tumor suppressor gene in flat neoplastic lesions of the colorectal mucosa

  • Carlos A. Rubio
  • Margareta Rodensjö
Original Contributions
  • 13 Downloads

Abstract

PURPOSE: In a recent comparative histologic survey of flat colorectal neoplasias, we found more lesions with highgrade dysplasia (HGD) and carcinoma in Japanese than in Swedish patients. The purpose of this work was to assess the p53 protein overexpression in flat colorectal neoplasias in Swedish patients and to compare results with those reported in Japan. METHOD: A total of 57 neoplastic lesions of the colorectal mucosa were investigated: 29 had been regarded both at endoscopy and at histology as flat and the remaining 28 as exophytic. Deparaffinized, rehydrated sections were treated immunohistochemically to detect the p53 protein. Lesions having a moderate (++) or high (+ + +) staining were considered as overexpressing the p53 protein. RESULTS: Results indicated that 16.7 percent (1/6) of the exophytic adenomas with low-grade dysplasia (LGD) had distinct p53 overexpression as well as 57.1 percent (8/14) of those with HGD and 87.5 percent(7/8) with invasive growth. In flat neoplastic lesions, 7.7 percent (1/13) of the tubular adenomas with LGD, 25 percent (3/12) of tubular adenomas with HGD, and 75 percent (3/4) of adenocarcinomas arising in flat adenomas had p53 overexpression. CONCLUSIONS: In Swedish patients, the proportion of flat and exophytic colorectal neoplasias showing p53 immunoreactivity increased with increasing degree of dysplasia, the highest percent being recorded in lesions with invasive growth. Because a similar stepwise increase was reported for exophytic and flat colorectal neoplasias in Japan, it seems that the comparison of results in both countries is justifiable. One possible conclusion from this comparison is that the higher proportion of flat neoplastic colorectal lesions with HGD and carcinoma in the Japanese (compared with the Swedish) takes place for reasons extraneous to the overexpression of the p53 protein.

Key words

p53 Flat neoplasias Colon Rectum 

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Copyright information

© American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos A. Rubio
    • 1
    • 2
  • Margareta Rodensjö
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Gastroenterology and Hepatology Research LaboratorySweden
  2. 2.Department of PathologyKarolinska InstituteStockholmSweden

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