The hemoglobin concentration ofChironomus cf.Plumosus l. (Diptera: Chironomidae) larvae from two lentic habitats


Hemoglobin concentrations ofChironomus cf.plumosus larvae were measured in two different habitats of the same pond. Larger larvae have higher hemoglobin concentrations than small larvae. There is strong indication that the animals of poorly oxygenated deep water, have higher hemoglobin concentrations than the animals from the well-oxygenated littoral zone.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. CRANSTON, P., 1988. Allergens of non-biting midges (Diptera: Chironomidae): a systematic survey of chironomid haemoglobins. Med. Vet. Entomol., 2: 117–127.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  2. CZECZUGA, B., 1960. Haemoglobin content of the larvae ofTendipes f.l.plumosus L. from Various levels of Bed Sediment. Nature, 186: 484.

    Google Scholar 

  3. FRANK, C., 1983. Ecology. production and anaerobic metabolism ofChironomus plumosus L. larvae in a shallow lake. II. Anaerobic metabolism. Arch. Hydrobiol., 96: 354–362.

    Google Scholar 

  4. HAAS, H.. 1956. Der Einflub der O2-Spannung des Wassers auf die Entwicklung der Tubuli und Analpapillen vonChironomus thummi. Biol. Zentralbl., 75: 712–732.

    Google Scholar 

  5. HAAS, H., 1957. Grössen-Modifizierung der Tubuli vanChironomus halophilus undCh. (Camptochironomus) tentans durch die O2-Spannung des Wassers. Naturw., 44: 472–473.

    Google Scholar 

  6. HEINIS, F., J-P SWEERTS and E. LOOPIK, 1994. Micro-environment of chironomid larvae in the littoral and profundal zones of Lake Maarsseveen I, The Netherlands. Arch. Hydrobiol., 130: 53–67.

    Google Scholar 

  7. INT PANIS, L., B. GODDEERIS and R. VERHEYEN, 1994. On the relationship between the oxygen microstratification in a pond and the spatial distribution of the benthic chironomid fauna. In: P. Cranston, Ed., The Chironomidae—from genes to ecosystems, Proceedings of the 12th International Symposium on Chironomidae, Canberra. C.S.I.R.O. Publications Melbourne: 311–316.

    Google Scholar 

  8. NAGELL, B. and L. ORRHAGE, 1981. On the structure and function of the ventral tubuli of someChironomus larvae (Diptera, Nematocera). Hydrobiologia. 78: 11–16.

    Google Scholar 

  9. OSMULSKI, P. and W. LEYKO, 1986. Structure and physiological role ofChironomus haemoglobin. Comp. Biochem. Physiol., 85B: 701–722.

    Google Scholar 

  10. TENTORI, L. and A. SALVATI, 1981. Hemoglobinometry in Human Blood. In: E. Antonini, L. Rossi-Bernardi and E. Chiancone, Eds., Methods in Enzymology, Vol. 76, Hemoglobins. Academic Press, p. 707–715.

  11. TICHY, H., 1979. The haemoglobin synthesizing tissue ofChironomus. In: D. Murray, Ed., Chironomidae: Ecology, Systematics. Cytology and Physiology. Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Chironomidae, Dublin, Pergamon Press: 43–50.

    Google Scholar 

  12. VAN KAMPEN, E. and W. ZIJLSTRA, 1961. Standardization of hemoglobinometry II. The hemoglobincyanide method. Clin. Chim. Acta. 6: 538–544.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Panis, L.I., Goddeeris, B. & Verheyen, R. The hemoglobin concentration ofChironomus cf.Plumosus l. (Diptera: Chironomidae) larvae from two lentic habitats. Netherlands Journal of Aquatic Ecology 29, 1–4 (1995).

Download citation


  • Chironomidae
  • hemoglobin
  • oxygen
  • respiration
  • spatial distribution