Modified pyrohydrolysis apparatus for the separation of fluorine and chlorine trace impurities from nuclear fuel samples for quality control analysis

  • M. A. Mahajan
  • M. V. R. Prasad
  • H. R. Mhatre
  • R. M. Sawant
  • R. K. Rastogi
  • G. H. Rizvi
  • N. K. Chaudhuri
Article

Abstract

A quartz pyrohydrolysis apparatus designed for the safe handling of pyrophoric carbide nuclear fuel samples while separating C1 and F trace impurities for quality control analysis is described. It has several advantages over the commonly used pyrohydrolysis apparatus. Performance of the apparatus during routine analysis of a large number of nuclear fuel samples has been found to be quite satisfactory.

Keywords

Physical Chemistry Quartz Carbide Inorganic Chemistry Quality Control 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    A. D. CAMPBELL, Pure Appl. Chem., 59 (1987) 695.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    The Analytical Working Group of the Comite Technique Europeen du Fluor, Anal. Chim. Acta., 182 (1986) 1.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    C. F. METZ, G. R. WATERBURY (Ed.), Report LA-DC-12805, 1970.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    C. E. PLUCINSKI, Report BNWL-601, 1968.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. E. REIN (Ed.), Report LA-4622, 1971.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Annual Book of ASTM Standard, Section 1L., Vol. 12.01, C-697, 1985, p. 161.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    R. D. BAKER (Ed.), Report LA-4749, 1971.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. G. SURAK, D. J. FISHER, C. L. BURROS, L. C. BATE, Anal. Chem., 32 (1960) 117.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. C. WARF, W. D. CLINE, R. D. TEVEBAUGH, Anal. Chem., 26 (1954) 342.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    P. R. SETHURAMAN, G. H. RIZVI, M. JOHN, P. VENKATARAMANA, B. N. PATIL, P. B. RUIKAR, P. R. NATARAJAN, Report BARC/1-382, 1976.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    L. H. ANDERSON, B. GELIN, FOA-Rep. 1 (1967) 1–5.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. S. MILYUKOVA, N. I. GUSEV, I. C. SENTYURIN, I. S. SKLYARENKO, Analytical Chemistry of Plutonium, Translation in English, Israel Programme for Scientific Translations 1967, p. 305.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    L. H. ANDERSON, B. GELIN, Report FOA-4-4416, 1970.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    T. N. KUKISHEVA, E. S. SINITSYANA, N. S. EGIMOVA, Zh. Analit. Khim., 26 (1971) 953Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    T. NOWICKS-JONOWSKA, Chem. Anal. (Warsaw), 16 (1971) 961.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    G. J. BENLING, E. W. CHRISTOPHERSON, L. F. KENDALL, Report HW-20036, 1960.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    L. SILVERMAN, M. E. SHIDELER, Report NAA-SR-2686, 1958.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Report Prepared by Fluorine Sub-Committee, Analytical Methods Committee, Analyst, 96 (1971) 384.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    D. ISHIL, T. TAKEOUCHI, Bunseki Kagaku, 11 (1962) 272.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    H. N. ELSHEIMER, A. L. JOHNSTON, R. L. KOCHEN, Anal. Chem., 38 (1966) 1684.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    I. IWASAKI, S. UTSUMI, T. OZANA, Bull Chem. Soc. Japan., 25 (1952) 226.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    J. G. BERGMANN, J. SANIK Jr., Anal. Chem., 29 (1957) 241.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    G. J. ALKIRE, Report WHAN-IR-5 Rev., Vol. 1, 1971.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    R. W. STROMATT, Report HEDL-SA-432, 1972.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    D. H. SCHMITT, Report RAW-4088-1, 1969.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    G. H. RIZVI, P. R. SETHURAMAN, P. R. NATARAJAN, Report BARC/I-383, 1976.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    T. OKADA, T. KUWAMOTO, Anal. Chem., 55 (1983) 1001.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    J. S. FRITZ, D. L. DUVAL, R. E. BARRON, Anal. Chem., 56 (1984) 1177.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    M. A. MAHAJAN, M. V. R. PRASAD R. M. SAWANT, R. K. RASTOGI, N. K. CHAUDHURI, G. H. RIZVI, Report BARC/I-920, 1987.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. A. Mahajan
    • 1
  • M. V. R. Prasad
    • 2
  • H. R. Mhatre
    • 1
  • R. M. Sawant
    • 1
  • R. K. Rastogi
    • 1
  • G. H. Rizvi
    • 3
  • N. K. Chaudhuri
    • 1
  1. 1.Fuel Chemistry DivisionBhabha Atomic Research CentreBombay(India)
  2. 2.Health and Safety LaboratoryIndira Gandhi Centre for Atomic ResearchKalpakkam(India)
  3. 3.Radiochemistry DivisionBhabha Atomic Research CentreBombay(India)

Personalised recommendations