Elemental analysis of special materials by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry
The special materials like phosphor bronze for P, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Sn and Pb; mild steel for P, S, V, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, As, Nb, Sb and W; special alloys for Ti and Mo, zircaloy and zirconium oxide for Hf; and zircon ore for Zr have been analyzed by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XRFS). The measured values along with certified values, precision and accuracy have been given for all the elements analyzed. Some of these materials have also been analyzed by atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS), neutron activation analysis (NAA) and inductively coupled plasma emission spectrometry (ICP-ES). The analytical data of XRFS are in agreement with the results obtained by AAS-ICP-ES and NAA. In most cases the precision is within ±2% and accuracy is ±4%. The precision and accuracy for S, P, Ni and Hf are poor at low concentrations. Practical low detection limit of about 40 μg/g of Hf in zirconium matrix has been achieved. It is established that precise and accurate determination of Ti and Mo in special alloys is possible using XRFS.
KeywordsOxide Zirconium Detection Limit Mild Steel Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
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