Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 579–591 | Cite as

Field tests of syntheticManduca sexta sex pheromone

  • James H. Tumlinson
  • Everett R. Mitchell
  • Robert E. Doolittle
  • D. Michael Jackson
Article

Abstract

In field experiments traps were baited with live females or with a two-, four-, or eight-component blend of the 16-carbon aldehydes previously identified as components of the sex pheromone emitted by femaleManduca sexta moths. The blends were formulated on rubber septa. Traps baited with a blend of all eight aldehydes captured moreM. sexta males than any other treatment. Septa loaded with 600 μg of the eight-component blend were attractive to males for about seven days in the field. Septa loaded with the eight-component blend and stored in a refrigerator at 4°C for a year released the conjugated diene and triene aldehydes at the same rate as freshly prepared septa and were equally attractive in the field.

Key Words

Aldehydes formulation 10,12-hexadecadienal 10,12,14-hexadecatrienal moth Manduca sexta Lepidoptera Sphingidae tobacco hornworm trapping 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • James H. Tumlinson
    • 1
  • Everett R. Mitchell
    • 1
  • Robert E. Doolittle
    • 1
  • D. Michael Jackson
    • 2
  1. 1.Insect Attractants, Behavior, and Basic Biology Research Laboratory Agricultural Research ServiceU.S. Department of AgricultureGainesville
  2. 2.Crops Research Laboratory, USDA, ARSOxford

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