Foundations of Physics Letters

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 67–74 | Cite as

The photomagneton B(3) and longitudinal ghost field B(3) of electromagnetism

  • M. W. Evans
Article

Abstract

The concepts are introduced of the longitudinal ghost fieldB(3) and photomagnetonB(3)) of electromagnetism:B(3) = 〈B(3)〉 =B(0)〈Ĵ〉/ħ, whereB(0) is the magnetic flux density amplitude andĴ the angular momentum operator of a photon beam. The major implication is that the individual photon hasthree degrees of polarization, the longitudinal one being accompanied by the ghost fieldB(3) which has no energy or linear momentum, and is generated from the angular momentum of the photon.

Key words

ghost field photomagneton electromagnetism 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. W. Evans
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of North CarolinaCharlotte

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