The relation of extracellular amylase, mycelium, and time, in some thermophilic and mesophilic humicola species
All four fungi studied attained approximately the same dry weight of mycelium in starch-yeast extract medium. Only about one-fourth the amount of mycelia was produced in yeast extract alone (starch omitted). However, the initial growth rate ofH. grisea var.thermoidea was greater than the other three fungi. Extracellular amylase was produced by all four fungi, butH. lanuginosa produced 8 to 12 times as much as the other three. Maximum extracellular amylase was found before autolysis with these three fungi, but after autolysis withH. lanuginosa. Extracellular amylase was detected in YE medium (lacking starch), but in very low amounts (approximately one-eighth the amount observed as when starch was present). Increasing the amount of starch in the medium increased extracellular amylase. However, when the starch concentration was kept constant, increasing the concentration of yeast extract had no effect on extracellular amylase.
KeywordsGrowth Rate Starch Yeast Extract Amylase Initial Growth
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