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Complications of absorbable pelvic mesh slings following surgery for rectal carcinoma

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Diseases of the Colon & Rectum

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate the intraoperative, postoperative, and long-term complications of an absorbable pelvic mesh sling after surgery for rectal carcinoma. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records from April 8, 1991, through April 8, 1996. RESULTS: Twenty patients with a mean age of 57 (range, 37–79) years underwent pelvic mesh sling placement. The tumor stages were as follows: Stage I, 5; Stage II, 2; Stage III, 11; and Stage IV, 1. A recurrent perianal basal cell carcinoma was not included in the staging group. Surgery consisted of 18 abdominoperineal resections, 1 total proctocolectomy, and one Hartmann's procedure. Mean follow-up was 18 (range, 2–49) months. There were no intraoperative complications related to mesh placement. Twenty-nine complications occurred in 14 patients during the immediate postoperative period. Five were possibly mesh-related and included a pelvic abscess, perineal seroma, toxic perineal wound, pulmonary embolus, and lower extremity deep venous thrombosis, respectively. A mild postoperative ileus developed in 17 patients (85 percent), and a diet was initiated at a mean of seven (range, 4–24) days. Fourteen patients received postoperative radiotherapy with a mean dose of 5,339 (range, 2,500–7,020) cGy delivered in 180-cGy fractions. There were 14 immediate complications caused by radiotherapy in 11 patients, but only two patients required delays in treatment. Two patients had diarrhea alone, six developed perineal dermatitis alone, and three patients had both diarrhea and perineal dermatitis. All patients with diarrhea had received chemoradiation. One patient developed a partial small-bowel obstruction following radiation. CONCLUSIONS: Absorbable pelvic mesh sling placement can be performed with minimum morbidity and is recommended following surgery for rectal cancer when radiation is anticipated as part of multimodality therapy.

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Beitler, A., Rodriguez-Bigas, M.A., Weber, T.K. et al. Complications of absorbable pelvic mesh slings following surgery for rectal carcinoma. Dis Colon Rectum 40, 1336–1341 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02050819

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