Diseases of the Colon & Rectum

, Volume 40, Issue 11, pp 1299–1302 | Cite as

Simultaneous bilateral oophorectomy does not improve prognosis of postmenopausal women undergoing colorectal resection for cancer

  • Igor Sielezneff
  • Etienne Salle
  • Kristina Antoine
  • Xavier Thirion
  • Christian Brunet
  • Bernard Sastre
Original Contributions
  • 24 Downloads

Abstract

PURPOSE: Synchronous or metachronous ovarian metastases are common along the natural course of colorectal carcinoma. We attempted to prospectively assess the prognostic impact of simultaneous bilateral oophorectomy in postmenopausal women undergoing curative resection for colorectal cancer. METHODS: Between 1980 and 1990, simultaneous bilateral oophorectomy was proposed in each postmenopausal woman referred to our institution for treatment of colorectal cancer. A subset of 92 patients underwent a curative resection. Therefore, two groups were designed for comparison of the procedure. Group I included 41 patients who accepted surgical castration, and Group II consisted of the 51 remaining patients who refused. Prospective analysis of all patients was performed. Results were assessed with a follow-up of 60 months after surgery, with 97.9 percent completion. Local recurrence and liver metastases rates were compared by the chisquared test. Survival in each group was calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by the log-rank test. RESULTS: One patient (1/41; 2.4 percent) had ovarian metastases detected on the operative specimen. Local recurrence or liver metastases rates were not affected by oophorectomy (P=0.73;P=0.25). Five-year actuarial survival rates were not significantly different whether patients had oophorectomy (81.6 percent) or not (87.9 percent;P=0.62). CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that microscopic synchronous ovarian metastasis is rare at the time of curative resection of a colorectal carcinoma in postmenopausal women. Because simultaneous bilateral oophorectomy does not modify prognosis, this procedure seems to be unwarranted.

Key words

Colorectal carcinoma Ovarian metastases Oophorectomy 

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Copyright information

© American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Igor Sielezneff
    • 1
  • Etienne Salle
    • 1
  • Kristina Antoine
    • 1
  • Xavier Thirion
    • 2
  • Christian Brunet
    • 1
  • Bernard Sastre
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Digestive SurgeryHÔpital Sainte-MargueriteMarseilleFrance
  2. 2.Department of Medical StatisticsHÔpital Sainte-MargueriteMarseilleFrance

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