Mycopathologia et mycologia applicata

, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 255–262 | Cite as

Diversity in soil fungi as influenced by DDT

  • M. G. Boyer
  • E. Perry
Article

Abstract

the application of 1 and 2 ppm DDT to soil did not result in any consistent trends in fungal numbers through a 14 week period. However the amplitude of population fluctuations was markedly suppressed in treated soils during the early weeks of treatment.

A study of the effect of DDT on the population structure of the genusPenicillium indicated that it undergoes a reduction of diversity with treatment that persists at least through a 9 week survey period.

Keywords

Population Structure Treated Soil Survey Period Consistent Trend Soil Fungus 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Barrett, G. W. (1968) The effects of an acute insecticide stress on a semienclosed grassland ecosystem.Ecology 49:1019–1035.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bollen, W. B. (1961) Interactions between pesticides and soil micro-organisms.Ann. Rev. Microbiol. 15:69–92 Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Boyer, M. G. &Barltrop, E. N. (1970) Aspects of the interaction of DDT and some microorganisms of forest soils. Internal Report M-59 Canada Department of Fisheries and Forestry.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Collins, J. A. &Langlois, B. E. (1968) Effect of DDT dieldrin and heptachlor on the growth of selected bacteria.Appl. Microbiol. 16:799–800.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Duffy, J. R. &Wong, N. (1967) Residues of organochlorine insecticides and their metabolites in soils of the Atlantic provinces of Canada.J. of Agr. and Food Chem. 15:457–464.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hoffman, D. W. &Richards, N. R. (1955) Soil Survey of York County. Report 19 of the Ontario Soil Survey. Experimental Farms Service and Ontario Agricultural College.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Johnson, L. F., Curl, E. A., Bond, J. H. &Fribourg, H. A. (1959) Methods for studying soil microflora-plant disease relationships. Burges Pub. Co. Minn.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ko, W. H. &Lockwood, J. L. (1968) Conversion of DDT to DDD in soil and the effect of these compounds on soil micro-organisms.Can. J. Microbiol. 14:1075–1078.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Macdonald, D. R. (1966) Background paper for the National Conference on Pollution and Our Environment. B17–225 pp mimeo.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Macdonald, D. R. &Duffy, J. R. (1968) Studies of aerial spraying against the spruce budworm in New Brunswick. XXIII. Assessment of DDT residues in the ecosystem, 1966, 1967. Internal Report M—27. Canada Department of Forestry and Rural Development.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Marhn, J. P. (1964) Influence of pesticide residues on soil microbiological and chemical properties.Residue Reviews 4:96–129.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Menhinick, E. F. (1962) Comparison of invertebrate populations of soil and litter of mowed grasslands in areas treated and untreated with pesticides.Ecology 43:556–561.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Moore, N. M. (1967) A synopsis of the pesticide problem. Adv. inEcol. Res. 4:75–129.Cragg, J. B. Ed. Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ocum, E. P. (1969) The strategy of ecosystem development.Science, 164:262–270.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Pielou, E. C. (1966) The measurement of diversity in different types of biological collections.J. Theoret. Ecol. 13:131–144.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Raper, K. B. &Thom, C. (1949) A Manual of the Penicillia. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Raper, K. B. &Fennell, D. I. (1965) The GenusAspergillus. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Richardson, L. T. &Miller, D. M. (1960) Fungitoxicity of chlorinated hydrocarbon insecticides in relation to water solubility and vapor pressure.Can. J. Bot. 38:163–175.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Shannon, C. E. &Weaver, W. (1948) The Mathematical Theory of Communication. University of Illinois Press, Urbana.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Woodwell, G. M. &Martin, F. T. (1964) Persistence of DDT in soils of heavily sprayed forest stands.Science 145:481–483.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wurster, C. F. Jr. (1968) DDT reduces photosynthesis by marine phytoplankton.Science 159:1474–1475.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. W. Junk B. V. 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. G. Boyer
  • E. Perry
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyYork UniversityDownsviewCanada

Personalised recommendations