Mycopathologia et mycologia applicata

, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 227–241 | Cite as

The distribution of peanut fungi in the Southeastern United States

  • Richard T. Hanlin
Article

Abstract

During a four-year survey in Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Texas and Virginia of the fungi associated with peanut shells and seeds 70 genera and 146 species of fungi were identified. Twenty-seven genera and 60 species were isolated from peanut fruits for the first time. Nine genera are Phycomycetes, 17 are Ascomycetes, and 44 are Deuteromycetes. A total of 110 genera and about 200 species of fungi have now been reported from peanuts. A key to the genera reported in this study is included, along with the distribution by state for each species.

Keywords

United States Peanut Shell Peanut Fruit 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Barnes, G. L. (1971) Mycoflora of developing peanut pods in Oklahoma.Mycopath. Mycol. Appl. 45:85–92.Google Scholar
  2. Barnes, G. L. &Young, H. C. Jr. (1971) Relationship of harvesting methods and laboratory drying procedures to fungal populations and aflatoxins in peanuts in Oklahoma.Phytopathology 61:1180–1184.Google Scholar
  3. Diener, U. L. (1960) The mycoflora of peanuts in storage.Phytopathology 50:220–223.Google Scholar
  4. Evans, M. M. &Poole, R. F. (1938) Some parasitic fungi harbored by peanut seed stock.J. Flisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 54:190–191.Google Scholar
  5. Garren, K. H. (1961) Control ofSclerotium rolfsii through cultural practices.Phytopathology 51:120–124.Google Scholar
  6. Garren, K. H. (1962) Use of specific pesticides in determining probable cause of peanut pod rot.Phytopathology 52:1218. (Abstr.).Google Scholar
  7. Garren, K. H. (1963) Evidence for two different pathogens of peanut pod rot.Phytopathology 53:746. (Abstr.).Google Scholar
  8. Garren, K. H. (1964a) Isolation procedures influence the apparent make-up of the terrestrial microflora of peanut pods.Plant Dis. Reptr. 48:344–348.Google Scholar
  9. Garren, K. H. (1964b) Recent developments in research on peanut pod rot.Proc. 3rd Natl. Peanut Res. Conf., Auburn, Alabama.:20–27.Google Scholar
  10. Garren, K. H. (1966) Peanut (groundnut) microfloras and pathogenesis in peanut pod rot.Phytopathol. Z. 55:359–367.Google Scholar
  11. Garren, K. H. (1967) Relation of several pathogenic organisms and the competition ofTrichoderma viride to peanut pod breakdown.Plant Dis. Reptr. 51:601–605.Google Scholar
  12. Garren, K. H., Christensen, C. M. &Porter, D. M. (1969) The mycotoxin potential of peanuts (groundnuts): The U.S.A. viewpoint.J. Stored Prod. Res. 5:265–273.Google Scholar
  13. Garren, K. H., Hallock, D. L. &Cooper, W. E. (1966) Calcium and peanut pod rot.Proc. 4th Natl. Peanut Res. Conf., Tifton, Georgia:88–90.Google Scholar
  14. Garren, K. H. &Higgens, B. B. (1947) Fungi associated with runner peanut seeds and their relation to concealed damage.Phytopathology 37:512–522.Google Scholar
  15. Garren, K. H., Higgens, B. B. &Futral, J. G. (1947) Blue-black discoloration of Spanish peanuts.Phytopathology 37:669–679.Google Scholar
  16. Garren, K. H. &Porter, D. M. (1970) Quiescent endocarpic floral communities in cured mature peanuts from Virginia and Puerto Rico.Phytopathology 60:1635–1638.Google Scholar
  17. Garren, K. H. &Wilson, C. (1951) Peanut diseases. InLong, D. C., The peanut, the unpredictable legume. Natl. Fertilizer Assn., Washington, D. C.Google Scholar
  18. Gilman, G. A. (1969) An examination of fungi associated with groundnut pods.Trop. Sci. 11: 38–48.Google Scholar
  19. Hanlin, R. T. (1968) Uncommon soil fungi isolated from peanut fruits in the South-eastern United States. ASB Bull. 15:39.Google Scholar
  20. Hanlin, R. T. (1969) Fungi in developing peanut fruits.Mycopath. Mycol. Appl. 38:93–100.Google Scholar
  21. Hanlin, R. T. &Corley, W. I. (1971) The mycoflora of peanut fruits from foreign introductions.Trop. Sci. 13:147–155.Google Scholar
  22. Jackson, C. R. (1965) A list of fungi reported on peanut pods and kernels.Univ. Ga. Coll. Agri. Expt. Sta. Mimeo Ser. N.S. 234:1–6.Google Scholar
  23. Jackson, C. R. (1968) A field study of fungal associations on peanut fruit.Univ. Ga. Coll. Agri. Expt. Sta. Res. Bull. 26:1–29.Google Scholar
  24. Joffe, A. Z. &Borut, S. Y. (1966) Soil and kernel mycoflora of groundnut fields in Israel.Mycologia 58:629–640.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Joffe, A. Z. &Lisker, N. (1969) The mycoflora of fresh and subsequently stored groundnut kernels on various soil types.Israel J. Bot. 18:17–87.Google Scholar
  26. McDonald, D. (1968) A list of fungi associated with groundnuts in Nigeria.Ahmadu Bello Univ. Samaru Misc. Pap. 27:1–4.Google Scholar
  27. Norton, D. C., Menon, S. K. &Flangas, A. L. (1956) Fungi associated with unblemished Spanish peanuts in Texas.Plt. Dis. Reptr. 40:374–376.Google Scholar
  28. Porter, D. M. &Garren, K. H. (1968) An analysis of the endogeocarpic microflora of peanuts in Virginia.Trop. Sci. 10:100–106.Google Scholar
  29. Porter, D. M. &Garren, K. H. (1970) Endocarpic microorganisms of two types of windrow-dried peanut fruit (Arachus hypogaea L.).Appl. Microbiol. 20:133–138.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Prince, A. E. (1945) Fungi isolated from peanuts collected in South Carolina.Plt. Dis. Reptr. 29:367–368.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. W. Junk B. V. 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard T. Hanlin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant Pathology and Plant GeneticsUniversity of GeorgiaAthens

Personalised recommendations