Mycopathologia et mycologia applicata

, Volume 50, Issue 2, pp 109–126 | Cite as

Morphology, development and cytology of Taphrina maculans Butler

  • Rajendra Upadhyay
  • M. S. Pavgi
Article

Abstract

Morphology, development and nuclear behavior of the ascogenous stroma and asci in the infection spots have been described inTaphrina maculansButler. The fungus forms subcuticular and intercellular mycelium in the leaf tissues and the ascogenous layers originate through division of the subcuticular hyphal cells in the infection sites. Germination of ascogenous cells starts with their elongation in the uppermost layer forming asci and ascospores without formation of stalk cells. Meiosis of the fusion (diploid) nucleus occurs in the young ascus as in otherTaphrina species devoid of stalk cells. The haploid chromosome complement in this species consists of 3 chromosomes (n=3). All the cells in the stromatic layer are potential ascogenous cells and ascus formation continues, until all of them are exhausted in the infection spot. Eight ascospores are normally formed in each ascus, but multi-plication of ascospores may occurin situ later. Three morphologically distinct types of ascus opening are encountered, which are apparently not correlated with prevalent environment. Multiplication of ascospores after their discharge from mature asci occurs by budding proceded by a mitotic division of the spore nucleus. Blastospores (budded cells) germinate into short hyphae and binucleate condition of cells originates by mitotic division of the nucleus. Occurrence of giant cells containing 2 nuclei is often observed. Possible origin of Uredinales fromTaphrina-like ancestors has been indicated due to their close resemblance.

Keywords

Ascus Mitotic Division Chromosome Complement Ascus Opening Stalk Cell 

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Copyright information

© Dr. W. Junk B.V. 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajendra Upadhyay
  • M. S. Pavgi
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of AgricultureBanaras Hindu UniversityIndia

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