Diseases of the Colon & Rectum

, Volume 36, Issue 6, pp 584–592 | Cite as

Quality of life after restorative proctocolectomy with a pelvic ileal reservoir compares favorably with that of patients with medically treated colitis

  • P. M. Sagar
  • W. Lewis
  • P. J. Holdsworth
  • D. Johnston
  • C. Mitchell
  • J. MacFie
Original Contributions
  • 24 Downloads

Abstract

There remains some reluctance among physicians to refer patients for restorative proctocolectomy (RP). They argue that their patients would be worse off with a pouch because of the attendant problems of urgency and frequent bowel actions. The aim of this study was to compare quality of life in patients who had undergone RP with that of patients with ulcerative colitis on long-term medical treatment. A detailed questionnaire and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) test were completed by 103 patients who had undergone RP and by 95 patients with ulcerative colitis on medical treatment and in remission attending a gastroenterology clinic. Patients with a pouch had a greater frequency of bowel action [five times per 24 hours (range, 4–7)vs.two times per 24 hours (range, 1–3);P<0.001] but less urgency of defecation [12/103 (11.7 percent)vs.69/95 (72.6 percent);P<0.001] than patients with medically treated colitis. Efficiency of evacuation, discrimination between flatus and feces, use of perianal pads, and perianal soreness were similar. Use of antidiarrheal medication was more common in the pouch group [53 of 103 patients (51.5 percent)vs.3 of 95 patients (3.2 percent);P< 0.05], whereas use of topical steroids was more common in medically treated patients [40 of 95 patients (47.1 percent)vs.9 of 103 patients (8.7 percent);P<0.05]. Limitation of social activity and HAD scores were significantly higher in medically treated patients. Quality of life for patients with a pouch appears to be as good as that for patients with medically treated colitis.

Key words

Restorative proctocolectomy Ileal pouch Ulcerative colitis Quality of life 

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Copyright information

© American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. M. Sagar
    • 1
  • W. Lewis
    • 1
  • P. J. Holdsworth
    • 1
  • D. Johnston
    • 1
  • C. Mitchell
    • 2
  • J. MacFie
    • 2
  1. 1.University Department of SurgeryLeeds General InfirmaryLeedsUK
  2. 2.Combined Gastroenterology ServiceScarborough HospitalScarboroughUK

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