Determination of fission-products and actinides in the Black Sea following the Cherynobyl accident

  • K. O. Buesseler
  • S. A. Casso
  • M. C. Hartman
  • H. D. Livingston


Radiochemical procedures are discussed for the isolation and determination of a suite of radionuclides in samples from the Black Sea following their input from the Chernobyl reactor accident. The samples analyzed include discrete water samples and both suspended and dissolved phases collected by in-situ chemisorption techniques. The radiochemical scheme permits the separation and analysis of134Cs,137Cs,90Sr,144Ce,147Pm,106Ru,239Pu,240Pu, and in some instances242Cm,238Pu, and241Am. The detection techniques employed include various instrumental gamma spectrometric methods, low-level beta counting, alpha spectrometry, and mass spectrometry.

The method's developments are described and data are presented on some representative samples from the Black Sea. The sensitivity of the analysis for the various nuclides and sample types is summarized and questions of radiochemical interferences are addressed.


Radionuclide Chemisorption Sample Type Detection Technique Spectrometric Method 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    A. AARKROG, J. Environ. Radioactivity, 6(1988)151.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    K. O. BUESSELER, J. E. HALVERSON, J. Environ. Radioactivity, 5(1987)425.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    K. O. BUESSELER, H. D. LIVINGSTON, S. HONJO, B. J. HAY, S. J. MANGANINI, E. DEGENS, V. ITTEKKOT, E. IZDAR, T. KONUK, Nature, 329(1987)825.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    L. DEVELL, H. TOVEDAL, U. BERGSTRÖM, A. APPLEGREN, J. CHYSSLER, L. ANDERSSON, Nature, 321(1986)192.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    F. A. FRY, R. H. CLARK, M. C. O'RIORDAN, Nature, 321(1986)193.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    C. HOHENEMSER, M. DEICHER, A. ERNST, H. HOFSÄSS, G. LINDNER, E. RECKNAGEL, Environment, 23(1986)6.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. D. LIVINGSTON, J. K. COCHRAN, J. Radioanal Nucl. Chem., Articles, 115(1987)299.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    H. D. LIVINGSTON, D. R. MANN, V. T. BOWEN, in Advances in Chemistry Series, No. 147, T. R. P. Gibb, Jr., ed., (1975), p. 124.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    H. D. LIVINGSTON, K. O. BUESSELER, E. IZDAR, T. KONUK, Characteristics of Chernobyl fallout in the southern Black Sea, in Radionuclides: A Tool for Oceanography, Elsevier (Essex, U. K.), (1988), in press.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    D. R. MANN, S. A. CASSO, Marine Chem., 14(1984)307.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    D. R. MANN, L. D. SURPRENANT, S. A. CASSO, Nucl. Instr. Methods Phys. Res., 223(1984)235.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    V.E. NOSHIKIN, E. DeAGAZIO, Nucl. Instr. Methods, 39(1966)265.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    D. L. SCHNEIDER, H. D. LIVINGSTON, Nucl. Instr. Methods Physics Res., 223(1984)510.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. B. SHIREY, J. L. BANNER, G. N. HANSON, Chem. Geol. 65(1987)183.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    P. C. STEVENSON, W. E. NERVIK, The Radiochemistry of the Rare Earths, Scandium, Yttrium, and Actinium, USAEC Nuclear Research Council Nuclear Science Series NAS-NS 3020, Washington, (1961).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    H.L. VOLCHOK, G. DePLANQUE (eds.), EML Procedures Manual, HASL-300, New York, (1983).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    K. M. WONG, Anal. Chimica Acta, 56(1971)355.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    K. M. WONG, V. E. NOSHKIN, V. T. BOWEN, Reference Methods for Marine Radioactivity Studies, IAEA Tech. Rept. Series, Vienna, (1970), p. 119.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    E.I. WYATT, R. R. RICKARD, The Radiochemistry of Ruthenium, NAS-NS 3029, USAEC Nuclear Science Series, Washington, (1961).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. O. Buesseler
    • 1
  • S. A. Casso
    • 1
  • M. C. Hartman
    • 1
  • H. D. Livingston
    • 1
  1. 1.Woods Hole Oceanographic InstitutionWoods Hole(U.S.A.)

Personalised recommendations