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Determination of fission-products and actinides in the Black Sea following the Cherynobyl accident

  • K. O. Buesseler
  • S. A. Casso
  • M. C. Hartman
  • H. D. Livingston
Article

Abstract

Radiochemical procedures are discussed for the isolation and determination of a suite of radionuclides in samples from the Black Sea following their input from the Chernobyl reactor accident. The samples analyzed include discrete water samples and both suspended and dissolved phases collected by in-situ chemisorption techniques. The radiochemical scheme permits the separation and analysis of134Cs,137Cs,90Sr,144Ce,147Pm,106Ru,239Pu,240Pu, and in some instances242Cm,238Pu, and241Am. The detection techniques employed include various instrumental gamma spectrometric methods, low-level beta counting, alpha spectrometry, and mass spectrometry.

The method's developments are described and data are presented on some representative samples from the Black Sea. The sensitivity of the analysis for the various nuclides and sample types is summarized and questions of radiochemical interferences are addressed.

Keywords

Radionuclide Chemisorption Sample Type Detection Technique Spectrometric Method 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. O. Buesseler
    • 1
  • S. A. Casso
    • 1
  • M. C. Hartman
    • 1
  • H. D. Livingston
    • 1
  1. 1.Woods Hole Oceanographic InstitutionWoods Hole(U.S.A.)

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