Some applications of deoxyribonucleic acid base composition in bacterial taxonomy

Abstract

The “melting point”T m, the mean molar (guanine+cytosine) composition and the compositional distribution of purified DNA from several strains ofXanthomonas, Chromobacterium and yellow-pigmented marine bacteria have been determined. These groups were selected because they had been analyzed adansonially. Ten strains ofXanthomonas had an average molar (guanine+cytosine) composition within the range 66.0–68.2%, which was very close to that ofPseudomonas (60–68%), as expected. All strains ofChromobacterium (six of theviolaceum biotype and three of thelividum biotype) had mean molar (guanine+cytosine) compositions within the range 63.4–71.4%. The yellow-pigmented marine flavobacteria had mean molar (guanine+cytosine) compositions of 35.6–40.6%. This suggests that they would not be genetically related to the yellow-pigmentedXanthomonas, nor to facultative aerobic organisms, such asAeromonas and theEnterobacteriaceae. The yellow-pigmented marine swarming bacteria, which resembleCytophaga, fell into two separate groups: some had a mean molar (guanine+cytosine) composition of about 34%, others were around 63%. This suggests genetic heterogeneity. The compositional distribution of DNA molecules was on the whole more narrow in polarly flagellated than in peritrichous organisms.

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De Ley, J., Van Muylem, J. Some applications of deoxyribonucleic acid base composition in bacterial taxonomy. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 29, 344–358 (1963). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02046087

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Keywords

  • Melting Point
  • Cytosine
  • Guanine
  • Separate Group
  • Genetic Heterogeneity