Septicaemic infections in pigs, caused by haemolytic streptococci of new Lancefield groups designated R, S and T
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Pyogenic streptococci isolated from outbreaks and from sporadic infections in pigs and piglets were characterized by the almost unique combination of the properties of β-haemolysis on horse blood agar and acid production from inulin. Three new serological groups were recognized, each with a single antigen different from those of any of the Lancefield groups. These antigens are polysaccharides located in the cell wall. About half the number of haemolytic streptococcal strains isolated from pigs were group R or group S streptococci, a few strains were group T streptococci, and the remaining strains were group L streptococci,S. equisimilis, group E streptococci, or group P streptococci, in this order of frequency. Only one out of about 150 haemolytic strains could not be identified serologically. Group R and group T streptococci differ from group S streptococci by acid production from raffinose. Infections with group R streptococci appeared to occur independently of age, whereas infections with group S streptococci were almost entirely confined to piglets.
KeywordsCell Wall Agar Polysaccharide Acid Production Inulin
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