Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 66–80 | Cite as

Gliding microbes: some taxonomic reconsiderations

  • S. Soriano
  • R. A. Lewin
Article

Abstract

Certain microbes capable of bending and gliding on solid substrata, but neither forming flagella nor endospores, show affinities with blue-green algae despite their lack of photosynthetic pigments. Unicellular and multicellular types occur, in a wide range of habitats. There are free-living marine and freshwater species, and some symbiotic or parasitic forms, including a few anaerobes. Their classification is at present disorganized.

An attempt is made here to review the relevant literature and to propose a consistent taxonomic treatment. The sub-class Flexibacteria is considered to comprise two orders, Myxobacterales and Flexibacterales. The latter embraces the families Beggiatoaceae with two genera, Cytophagaceae (or Flexibacteraceae?) with six genera, Simonsiellaceae with two genera, Leucotrichaceae with two genera, and a small additional family as yet formally undescribed. (The numbers of recognized genera indicated are conservative ones.)

Keywords

Relevant Literature Photosynthetic Pigment Solid Substratum Freshwater Species Taxonomic Treatment 

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Copyright information

© Swets & Zeitlinger, Publishers 1965

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Soriano
    • 1
    • 2
  • R. A. Lewin
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Facultad de Agronomía y VeterinariaUniversidad de Buenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.Scripps Institution of OceanographyUniversity of CaliforniaLa JollaUSA

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