Advertisement

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

, Volume 33, Issue 1, pp 257–264 | Cite as

Physiological and cultural characteristics ofChromobacterium marinum sp. n.

  • R. D. Hamilton
  • Kathryn E. Austin
Article

Abstract

A new species ofChromobacterium was isolated from open ocean waters. While it possessed somewhat different flagellar characteristics than some described species it demonstrated enough affinities to establish it in the genusChromobacterium. Under optimum conditions this organism had an unusually short generation time as well as an unusually rapid transition from the lag phase of growth to the death phase. It is suggested that this characteristic is one of the major reasons that organisms of this type have not, in the past, been successfully transferred from isolation plates inoculated with samples of sea water. The proposed name isChromobacterium marinum.

Keywords

Optimum Condition Generation Time Ocean Water Open Ocean Cultural Characteristic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Breed, R. S., Murray, E. G. D. andSmith, N. R. 1957. Bergey's Manual of determinative bacteriology 7th I d The Williams and Wilkins Co. BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  2. Holm-Hansen, O. andBooth, C. R. 1966 The measurement of adenosine triphosphate in the ocean and its ecological significance. Eimnol and Oceanogr11: 510–519.Google Scholar
  3. Leifson, E. 1956. Morphological and physiological characteristics of the genusChromobacterium. J. Bacteriol.71: 393–400.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Leifson, E. 1960. Atlas of bacterial flagellation. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  5. Leifson, E. 1963. Determination of carbohydrate metabolism of marine bacteria. J. Bacteriol.85: 1183–1184.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Skerman, V. B. D. 1959. A Guide to the identification of the genera of bacteria. The Williams and Wilkins Co. Baltimore.Google Scholar
  7. Sneath, P. H. A. 1956. Cultural and biochemical characteristics of the genusChromobacterium. J. Gen. Microbiol.15: 70–98.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Sneath, P. H. A. 1966. Identification methods applied toChromobacterium.In: B. M. Gibbs and F. A. Skinner, [eds.], Identification methods for microbiologists, Part A. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  9. Society of American Bacteriologists. 1957. Manual of microbiological methods. The McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Swets & Zeitlinger 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. D. Hamilton
    • 1
  • Kathryn E. Austin
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Marine ResourcesUniversity of California at San DiegoLa JollaUSA

Personalised recommendations