Minerals and the Environment

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 144–149 | Cite as

Habitat use by Red-tailed Hawks in surface-mined areas

  • David P. Mindell
  • David E. Samuel


Habitat use by 4 radio-tagged red-tailed hawks (Buteo jamaicensis) was monitored during 708 transmitter-days in coal surface-mined areas in northern West Virginia and southwestern Pennsylvania in 1977 and 1978. Mean cumulative home range size for the 3 adults was 316.8 ha (3.2 km2). Red-tailed hawks showed significant (P<0.005) tendencies to elect certain habitats over others. Descending order of habitat electivity was: 1) woods edge with open area not surfacemined. 2) woods edge with surface-mined area. 3) deciduous woods, 4) open area not surface-mined, and 5) surface-mined area. Red-tailed hawks' flexibility in niche requirements allowed them to exploit reclaimed area. Recommendations for surface mine reclamation are given.


Geochemistry Range Size Home Range Open Area Surface Mine 


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Copyright information

© Science and Technology Letters 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • David P. Mindell
    • 1
  • David E. Samuel
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of ForestryWest Virginia UniversityMorgantownU.S.A.
  2. 2.Wildlife Biology, Division of ForestryMorgantownWest Virginia UniversityU.S.A.

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