Advertisement

Minerals and the Environment

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 127–130 | Cite as

Shrub and tree establishment on coal spoils in northern High Plains — USA

  • Ardell J. Bjugstad
Article
  • 18 Downloads

Abstract

Trickle irrigation, during establishment, increased survival two fold for seven species of shrubs and trees planted on coal mine spoil in the semiarid area of northeastern Wyoming, USA. Increased survival of irrigated plants persisted for five years after initiation of this study, which included two growing and winter seasons after cessation of irrigation. Species included green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica), Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia), silver buffaloberry (Shepherdia argentea), Siberian peashrub (Caragana arborescens), American plum (Prunus americana), ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa), and Rocky Mountain juniper (Juniperus scopulorum).

Keywords

Coal Mine Trickle Irrigation High Plain Semiarid Area Mine Spoil 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Baver, L. D. 1956.Soil Physics.Third Edition. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., N. Y. Chapman and Hall, Limited, London. 489p.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bjugstad, Ardell J., Teruo Yamamoto, and Daniel W. Uresk. 1981.Shrub establishment on coal and bentonite clay mine spoils. p. 105–122.In: Proceedings of Symposium on Shrub Establishment on disturbed and Semiarid Lands. Wyoming Agricultural Experiment Station, Laramie, WY.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    National Resource Council. 1981.Surface Mining: Soil, Coal and Society. National Academy Press. Washington, DC. 233p.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Orr, Howard K. 1977.Reestablishment of wooded waterways and shrub communities in surface coal mining areas of the northwestern Great Plains. In: Fifth Symp. Surf. Min. and Reclam., NCA/BCR Coal Conf. and Expo. IV. Louisville, KY, p.235–243.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Packer, Paul E. 1974.Rehabilitation potential and limitations of surface-mined land in the northern Great Plains. USDA For. Serv., Gen. Tech. Rep. Int-14. Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Odgen, Utah. 44p.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Smith, Joseph Black, Maynard F. Ayler, Clinton C. Knox. and Benjamin C. Pollard 1972.Strippable coal reserves of Wyoming, tonnage, and characteristics of coal and overburden. U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Mines Information Circular 8538. 51p.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Study Committee: Potential for Rehabilitating Lands Surface Mined for Coal in the Western United States. 1973.Rehabilitation potential of western coal lands. Energy Policy Project, Ford Foundation, National Academy of Science/National Academy of Engineers, Washington, DC. 206p.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    U. S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. 1971.Guidelines for reclamation of surface mined areas in Wyoming. Tech. Notes, Environ. No. 1, USDA Soil Conservation Service, Casper, WY, 10p.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Vomocil, James A. 1965.Porosity.In: C. A. Black, Ed. Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 1, p.299–314. American Society of Agronomy, Inc., Madison, Wisconsin.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science and Technology Letters 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ardell J. Bjugstad

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations