Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 173, Issue 2, pp 219–227 | Cite as

Plutonium-244 dating

IX. Fission xenon in carbonaceous chondrites
  • P. K. Kuroda
  • W. A. Myers


Re-examination of a vast amount of xenon isotope data which have been accumulated since the 1960s reveals that the so-called CCF (carbonaceous chondrite fission) xenon is a mixture of244Pu fission xenon and a severely mass-fractionated primordial xenon, whose isotopic composition has been further altered by neutron-capture and spallation reactions, which occurred in the vicinity of a supernova that most likely exploded sometime more than 4.8 billion years ago. The integrated flux of 10 KeV (stellar temperature) neutrons to which the xenon was exposed appears to have been in excess of 1023n/cm2.


Physical Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry Isotopic Composition Xenon Vast Amount 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    P. K. KURODA, Nature, 187 (1960) 36.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    P. K. KURODA, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 24 (1961) 40.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    E. M. BURBIDGE, G. R. BURBIDGE, W. A. FOWLER, F. HOYLE, Rev. Mod. Phys., 29 (1957) 547.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. H. REYNOLDS, G. J. TURNER, Geophys. Res., 69 (1964) 3263.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    E. SEGRÉ, Private communication, October 12, 1988.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    O. K. MANUEL, E. W. HENNECKE, D. D. SABU, Nature Phys. Sci., 240 (1972) 99.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    E. ANDERS, H. HIGUCHI, J. GROS, H. TAKAKASHI, J. W. MORGAN, Science, 190 (1975) 1262.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. S. LEWIS, G. SRINIVASAN, E. ANDERS, Science, 190 (1975) 1251.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    R. S. LEWIS, J. GROS, E. ANDERS, J. Geophys. Res., 82 (1977) 779.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    G. SRINIVASAN, E. ANDERS, Science, 201 (1978) 51.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. S. LEWIS, E. ANDERS, T. SHIMAMURA, G. W. LUGMAIR, Science, 222 (1983) 1013.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. S. LEWIS, E. ANDERS, LPSC, 19 (1988) 679.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. TANG, E. AANDERS, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 52 (1988) 1235.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    F. A. PODOSEK, R. S. LEWIS, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 15 (1972) 101.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    R. J. DROZD, C. J. MORGAN, F. A. PODOSEK, G. POUPEAU, J. R. SHIRCH, G. J. TAYLOR, Astrophys. J., 212 (1977) 567.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    M. TANG, E. ANDERS, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 52 (1988) 1245.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    P. K. KURODA, Fifty Years With Nuclear Fission, Vol. 2, J. W. BEHRENS and A. D. CARLSON (Eds), American Nuclear Society, La Grange Park, 1989, p. 901.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    P. K. KURODA, W. A. MYERS, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 150 (1991) 35, 53, 71.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    W. A. MYERS, P. K. KURODA, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 152 (1991) 99, 409; 157 (1992) 217.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    P. K. KURODA, J. N. BECK, D. W. EFURD, D. K. MILLER, J. Geophys. Res., 79 (1974) 3981.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    E. C. ALEXANDER, E. C. Jr., R. S. LEWIS, J. H. REYNOLDS, M. C. MICHEL, Science, 172 (1971) 837.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    O. K. MANUEL, R. J. WRIGHT, D. K. MILLER, P. K. KURODA, Geochim. Cosmochin Acta, 36 (1972) 961.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    P. K. KURODA, Nature Phys. Sci., 230 (1971) 40.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    F. W. ASTON, Mass-spectra and Isotopes, Edward Arnold and Company, London, 1933, p. 220.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    R. S. CLARK, M. N. RAO, P. K. KURODA, J. Geophys. Res., 72 (1967) 5143.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    J. A. HOLMES, S. E. WOOSLEY, W. A. FOWLER, B. A. ZIMMERMAN, Atomic Data and Nuclear Tables, Vol. 18, Academic Press, 1976, p. 305.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    J. C. RUFFENACH, J. MENES, M. LUCAS, R. HAGEMANN, G. NIEF, The Oklo Phenomenon, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1975, p. 371.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. K. Kuroda
    • 1
  • W. A. Myers
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of ArkansasFayetteville(USA)

Personalised recommendations