Annals of Vascular Surgery

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 10–14 | Cite as

Combined mortality and morbidity of direct surgical treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm

  • Alain Branchereau
  • Jacques Nazet
  • Jean-Christian Colavolpe
  • Louis Scotti
Papers From The French Vascular Surgery Society 1988 Meeting
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Abstract

Two hundred aneurysms of the abdominal aorta were treated surgically from 1980 to 1987 by the same surgeon. There were 187 men and 13 women whose mean age was 66.1 years. Nine patients were 80-years-old or more. Eighty-seven percent of patients had preoperative risk factors, 30% of which were coronary artery disease. The operative approach was through a transverse laparotomy in 188 patients compared to 11 midline incisions and one lumbotomy. An aortoaortic tube was inserted in 87 patients, a bifurcated prosthesis in 99, and a tube bypass in 14. Five patients (2.5%) died within the 30 day perioperative period. Death was due to colonic necrosis, right heart chamber thrombosis, renal failure after repeat operation for acute lower limb ischemia, and myocardial infarction associated with renal and respiratory failure. The morbidity rate was 15.7% (31 patients) and included seven neurologic accidents, four respiratory complications, five ischemic events of the lower limbs requiring reoperation and one amputation, four cardiac complications, two renal failures, one reversible colonic ischemia, one revision for incomplete hemostasis, one phlebitis, one sliding syndrome, and five minor infections or cutaneous complications. Mean duration of hospital stay was 10.9 days. These results confirm that direct operation on aortic aneurysms can be performed in patients from all age groups and even with associated diseases. A rapid, simple technique based on a transverse approach, minimal dissection and insertion of aortoaortic tubes, whenever feasible, appears to reduce combined mortality-morbidity.

Key words

Abdominal aortic aneurysms aortic graft 

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Copyright information

© Annals of Vascular Surgery Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alain Branchereau
    • 1
  • Jacques Nazet
    • 1
  • Jean-Christian Colavolpe
    • 1
  • Louis Scotti
    • 1
  1. 1.From the Service de Chirurgie Vasculaire and Département d'Anesthésie-RéanimationGroupe Hospitalier de la TimoneMarseilleFrance

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