Journal of Plant Growth Regulation

, Volume 9, Issue 1–4, pp 35–41 | Cite as

Germination stimulation in wild oats (Avena fatua L.) by synthetic strigol analogs and gibberellic acid

  • Judith M. Bradow
  • William J. ConnickJr.
  • Armand B. Pepperman
  • Lynda H. Wartelle


At concentrations of 0.01–1 mM, five synthetic multiring analogs of strigol were effective germination stimulants of intact and dehulled wild oat (Avena fatua L.) seeds. The effect was concentration-dependent and equaled or exceeded that produced by equimolar gibberellic acid (GA3). The most effective strigol analog treatments induced 55–80% germination within 7 days in intact wild oat seeds and resulted in 63–86% germination and normal seedling growth over 14 days. Intact wild oat controls germinated 14% after 14 days. The stimulation of wild oat germination by these synthetic strigol analogs demonstrates that these compounds, initially developed as germination stimulants for the seeds of the parasitic weed, witchweed (Striga asiatica L. Kuntz.), have bioregulatory activity in dormant seeds of monocots, as well as dicots. None of the compounds tested significantly affected the germination of nondormant cultivated oat seeds (Avena sativa L.). The commonly used dispersal agent, Tween 20 (0.1%), was found to inhibit germination of cultivated oats, alone and in the presence of 2% acetone.


Percent Germination Seed Dormancy Parasitic Weed Germination Stimulant Avena Fatua 
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Copyright information

© Springer Verlag New York Inc. 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Judith M. Bradow
    • 1
  • William J. ConnickJr.
    • 1
  • Armand B. Pepperman
    • 1
  • Lynda H. Wartelle
    • 1
  1. 1.USDA, ARS, Southern Regional Research CenterNew OrleansUSA

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