Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 125, Issue 2, pp 295–315 | Cite as

Analysis of the interaction of radionuclides with solid phase in surface waters using laboratory model experiments: Methodical problems

  • P. Beneš
  • M. Kuncová
  • J. Slovák
  • P. Lam Ramos
Article

Abstract

Use of laboratory model experiments for analysis of interaction of radionuclides with surface water solids is connected with methodical problems concerning selection of solid phase, sampling, storage and pretreatment of solid phase, concentration of radionuclide, selection of liquid to solid ratio, adsorption of radionuclide on vessel walls, choice of experimental procedures and change in radionuclide speciation in the solid phase. These problems are discussed on the basis of literature data and of experiments with radiocobalt or radiocesium in a system river water-suspended solids or bottom sediments. Possible ways of solution of the problems are shown. Two modifications of batch method are described in detail and their merits or drawbacks evaluated. Comparison of the modifications shows their possible use as complementary methods for the study of radionuclide behaviour in surface waters.

Keywords

Physical Chemistry Surface Water Inorganic Chemistry Radionuclide Model Experiment 

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Beneš
    • 1
  • M. Kuncová
    • 1
  • J. Slovák
    • 1
  • P. Lam Ramos
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Nuclear ChemistryTechnical University of PraguePrague 1Czechoslovakia

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