Extraterrestrial radioactivity

Abstract

Until recently, scientists believed that the chemical elements were synthesized only in stars. The discovery of the Oklo Phenomenon in 1972 has revealed, however, that a nuclear “fire” had existed in terrestrial uranium ore deposits about two billion years ago. The discovery of244Pu fission xenon in extraterrestrial samples, such as the Moon and the meteorites, on the other hand, has demonstrated that the transuranium elements were synthesized in exploding stars (supernovae).

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.

    F. WÖHLER, Organic Chemistry by P. KARRER translated by A. J. MEE, Elsevier, Amsterdam, London, Brussels, p. 917, 1947.

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    H. BECQUEREL, Compt. rend. Acad, Sci. Paris, 122 (1896) 501.

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    F. JOLIOT, I. CURIE, Nature, 133 (1934) 201.

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    F. JOLIOT, Nobel Lectures, Chemistry, 1922–1941, Elsevier, Amsterdam, London, New York, p. 369, 1966.

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    H. C. UREY, The Planets: Their Origin and Development, Yale University Press, New Haven, 1952.

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    P. E. DAMON, P. K. KURODA, Nucleonics, 11 (1953) 59.

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    M. H. GTUDIER, P. R. FIELDS, P. H. SELLERS, A. M. FRIEDMAN, C. M. STEVENS, J. F. MECH, H. DIAMOND, J. SEDLET, J. R. HUIZENGA, Phys Res., 93 (1954) 1433.

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    A. GHIORSO, S. G. THOMPSON, G. H. HIGGINS, G. T. SEABORG, M. H. STUDIER, P. R. FIELDS, S. M. FRIED, H. DIAMOND, J. F. MECH, G. L. PYLE, J. R. HUIZENGA, H. HIRSCH, W. M. MANNING, C. S. BROWNE, H. L. SMITH, R. W. SPENCE, Phys. Rev., 99 (1955) 1048.

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    G. T. SEABORG, Transuranium Elements: A Half Century, edited by L. R. MORSS, J. FUGER, American Chemical Society, Washington D.C., p. 10, 1992.

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    S. FLÜGGE, Naturwissenschaften, 27 (1939) 401.

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    E. FERMI, Science, 105 (1947) 27.

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    P. K. KURODA, J. Chem. Phys., 25 (1956) 781.

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    P. K. KURODA, J. Radioanalyt. Nucl. Chem., 142 (1990) 101.

    Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    P. K. KURODA, J. Radioanalyt. Nucl. Chem., 142 (1990) 113.

    Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    P. K. KURODA, The Origin of the Chemical Elements and the Oklo Phenomenon, Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, p. 31, 1982.

    Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    P. K. KURODA, Naturwissenschaften, 70 (1983) 536.

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    R. BODU, H. BOUZIGUES, N. MORIN, J. P. PFIFFELMANN, C.R. Acad. Sc. Paris, 275D (1972) 1731.

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    N. NEUILLY, J. BUSAC, C. FRÉJACQUES, G. NIEF, G. VENDRYES, J. IVON, C.R. Acad. Sc. Paris, 275D (1972) 1847.

    Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    G. BAUDIN, C. BLAIN, R. HAGEMANN, M. KREMER, M. LUCAS, L. MERLIVAT, R. MOLINA, G. NIEF, F. PROST-MARECHAL, F. REGNAUD, E. ROTH, C.R. Acad. Sc. Paris, 275D (1972) 2291.

    Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    The Oklo Phenomenon, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (1975).

  21. 21.

    M. MAURETTE, Annual Review of Nuclear Science, 26 (1976) 319.

    Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    W. BAADE, G. R. BURBIDGE, F. HOYLE, E. M. BURBIDGE, R. F. CHRISTY, W. A. FOWLER, Pub. Astron. Soc. Pacific, 68 (1956) 296.

    Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    G. R. BURBIDGE, F. HOYLE, E. M. BURBIDGE, R. F. CHRISTY, W. A. FOWLER, Phys. Rev., 103 (1956) 1145.

    Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    E. M. BURBIDGE, G. R. BURBIDGE, W. A. FOWLER, F. HOYLE, Rev. Mod. Phys., 29 (1957) 547.

    Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    P. K. KURODA, Nature, 187 (1960) 36.

    Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    J. H. REYNOLDS, J. Geophys. Res., 68 (1963) 2939.

    Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    J. H. REYNOLDS, G. TURNER, J. Geophys. Res., 69 (1964) 3263.

    Google Scholar 

  28. 28.

    M. W. ROWE, P. K. KURODA, J. Geophys. Res., 70 (1965) 709.

    Google Scholar 

  29. 29.

    P. K. KURODA, M. W. ROWE, R. S. CLARK, R. GANAPATHY, Nature, 212 (1966) 241.

    Google Scholar 

  30. 30.

    D. D. SABU, P. K. KURODA, Nature, 216 (1967) 442.

    Google Scholar 

  31. 31.

    C. M. HOHENBERG, M. N. MUNK, J. H. REYNOLDS, J. Geophys. Res., 72 (1967) 3139.

    Google Scholar 

  32. 32.

    E. C. ALEXANDER, Jr., R. S. LEWIS, J. H. REYNOLDS, M. C. MICHEL, Science, 172 (1971) 837.

    Google Scholar 

  33. 33.

    F. W. ASTON, Isotopes, Edward Arnold Co. London, p. 128, 1923.

    Google Scholar 

  34. 34.

    R. S. CLARK, M. N. RAO, P. K. KURODA, J. Geophys. Res., 72 (1967) 5143.

    Google Scholar 

  35. 35.

    J. A. HOLMES, S. E. WOOSLEY, W. A. FOWLER, B. A. ZIMMELMAN, Atomic Data and Nuclear Tables, Academic Press, 18 (1976) 305.

    Google Scholar 

  36. 36.

    P. K. KURODA, 50 Years with Nuclear Fission, edited by J. W. BEHRENS, Vol. 2, American Nuclear Society, p. 901, 1989.

  37. 37.

    W. A. MYERS, P. K. KURODA, 50 Years with Nuclear Fission, edited by J. W. BEHRENS, Vol. 2, American Nuclear Society, p. 909, 1989.

  38. 38.

    P. K. KURODA, W. A. MYERS, J. Radioanalyt. Nuc. Chem., 150 (1991) 35.

    Google Scholar 

  39. 39.

    P. K. KURODA, W. A. MYERS, J. Radioanalyt. Nuc. Chem., 150 (1991) 53.

    Google Scholar 

  40. 40.

    P. K. KURODA, W. A. MYERS, J. Radioanalyt. Nuc. Chem., 152 (1991) 71.

    Google Scholar 

  41. 41.

    W. A. MYERS, P. K. KURODA, J. Radioanalyt. Nuc. Chem., 152 (1991) 99.

    Google Scholar 

  42. 42.

    W. A. MYERS, P. K. KURODA, J. Radioanalyt. Nuc. Chem., 152 (1991) 409.

    Google Scholar 

  43. 43.

    W. A. MYERS, P. K. KURODA, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 55 (1991) 2358.

    Google Scholar 

  44. 44.

    W. A. MYERS, P. K. KURODA, J. Radioanalyt. Nuc. Chem., 157 (1992) 217.

    Google Scholar 

  45. 45.

    P. K. KURODA, W. A. MYERS, J. Radioanalyt. Nuc. Chem., 158 (1992) 437.

    Google Scholar 

  46. 46.

    P. K. KURODA, Handbook of Hot Atom Chemistry, edited by J. P. ADLOFF, Kodansha, Tokyo, p. 584, 1992.

    Google Scholar 

  47. 47.

    P. K. KURODA, W. A. MYERS, J. Radioanalyt. Nuc. Chem., 159 (1992) 281.

    Google Scholar 

  48. 48.

    P. K. KURODA, Geochem. J., 26 (1992) 1.

    Google Scholar 

  49. 49.

    P. K. KURODA, W. A. MYERS, J. Radioanalyt. Nuc. Chem., 173 (1993) 219.

    Google Scholar 

  50. 50.

    P. K. KURODA, W. A. MYERS, J. Radioanalyt. Nuc. Chem., 173 (1993) 229.

    Google Scholar 

  51. 51.

    P. K. KURODA, Radiochim. Acta, 62 (1993) 27.

    Google Scholar 

  52. 52.

    P. K. KURODA, W. A. MYERS, Radiochim. Acta, 64 (1994) 155.

    Google Scholar 

  53. 53.

    P. K. KURODA, W. A. MYERS, Radiochim. Acta, 64 (1994) 164.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Kuroda, P.K. Extraterrestrial radioactivity. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Articles 203, 591–599 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02041531

Download citation

Keywords

  • Physical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Uranium
  • Xenon
  • Chemical Element