Applications of nuclear methods in the automotive industry

  • E. W. Schneider
  • S. O. Yusuf
Medical and Industrial Applications

Abstract

Over the years nuclear methods have proved to be a valuable asset to industry in general and to the automotive industry in particular. This paper summarizes some of the most important recent contributions of nuclear technology to the development of vehicles having high quality and long-term durability. Radiotracer methods are used to measure engine oil consumption and the wear rates of inaccessible components. Radiographic and tomographic methods are used to image fluids and structures in engines and accessory components. Tracers are used to understand combustion chemistry and quantify fluid flow. Gauging methods are used for inspection and process control. Nuclear analytical methods are used routinely for materials characterization and problem solving. Although nuclear methods are usually considered as the means of last resort, they can often be applied more easily and quickly than conventional methods when those in industrial engineering and R&D are aware of their unique capabilities.

Keywords

Fluid Flow Wear Rate Automotive Industry Recent Contribution Industrial Engineering 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    I. KONSTANTINOV, N. KRASNOV, J. Radioanal. Chem., 8 (1971) 357.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. GERVE, Kerntechnik, 14 (1972) 204.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    T. CONLON, Wear, 29 (1974) 69.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    G. ESSIG, P. FEHSENFELD, Nucl. Meth. in Materaials Res., K. BETHGE (Ed.) (1970) 70.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    E. SCHNEIDER, D. BLOSSFELD, M. BALNAVES, SAE Paper No. 880672 (1988).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. FRITZ, G. CATALDI, Lubrication Engineering, 46, 6 (1989) 365.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    E. SCHNEIDER, D. BLOSSFELD, SAE Paper No. 902085 (1990).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. BALNAVES, D. CZARKOWSKI, R. GIANNINI, B. SHAVER, H. MODETZ, SAE Paper No. 912326 (1991).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. TRUHAN, SAE Paper No. 931627 (1993).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    T. OHMORI, M. TOHYAMA, M. YAMAMOTO, K. AKIYAMA, K. TASAKA, T. YOSHIHARA, SAE Paper No. 932782 (1993).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. TREUHAFT, F. IDDINGS, G. BOYD, S. SPRAGUE, SAE Paper No. 941982 (1994).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    W. McHARRIS, R. RONNINGEN, H. SCHOCK, R. SCHALEK, D. GRUMMON, Nucl. Inst. and Meth. A 353 (1994) 583.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. DEHART, R. ROSENBERG, R. HILL, E. SCHNEIDER, SAE Paper No. 800361 (1980).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    E. SCHNEIDER, R. ROSENBERG, SAE Paper No. 821205 (1982).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    E. SCHNEIDER, D. BLOSSFELD, A. DEHART, Lubrication Engineering, 43, 10 (1987) 800.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. J. JESSEL, G. L. BORMAN, SAE Paper No. 800134 (1980).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    T. R. ERDMAN, SAE Paper No. 810015 (1981).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    G. S. PETCH, M. M. RHEAD, D. E. FUSSEY, IMechE, C65 (1988).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    D. T. DALY, S. A. BANNON, D. A. FOR, S. M. HAROLD, SAE Paper No. 941889 (1994).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    W. J. MAYER, D. C. LECHMAN, D. L. HILDEN, SAE Paper No. 800256 (1980).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    W. J. MAYER, D. C. LECHMAN, D. G. BEYERLEIN, Intl. Journal of Applied Rad. and Isotopes, 26(1975)233.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    S. ARIGA, P. SUI, B. BAILEY, T. KUMAKIRI, Y. OSUMI, A. SAKAMOTO, SAE Paper No. 920652 (1992).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    A. COLVIN, K. CARDUNER, D. LEONG, R. AMES, H. BISSELL, SAE Paper No. 920655 (1992).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    E. STARKMAN, SAE Paper No. 610009 (1961).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    F. WARRICK, R. DYKEHOUSE, SAE Paper No. 700052 (1970).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    P. SHORE, SAE Paper No. 881583 (1988).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    W. MAYER, C. MOORE, D. KRAUSE, W. LANGE, C. MURPHY, J. KLEPACZYK, SAE Paper No. 660058 (1966).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    W. MAYER, D. KRAUSE, C. MOORE, C. MURPHY, SAE Paper No. 700055 (1970).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    S. HILL, S. SYTSMA, SAE Paper No. 910743 (1991).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    M. W. VERBRUGGE, R. F. HILL, E. W. SCHNEIDER, AIChE Journal., Vol. 38, 1 (1992) 93.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    E. W. SCHNEIDER, M. W. VERBRUGGE, Appl. Radiat. Isot. 44 10/11 (1993) 1399.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    J. T. LINDSAY, C. W. KAUFFMAN, ASME, GT214 (1988).Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    M. R. ANDERSON, IMech E, C4 (1982).Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    P. A. E. STEWART, J. HERITAGE, ASTM, San Diego, 12 (1981).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    H. Y. O. REIJONEN, P. JAUHO, ANS Conf. Paper (1971).Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    H. ELLINGER, S. BUCHELE, G. MEYER, SDCE 14th Intl. Die Casting Congr. and Expo., Toronto (1987).Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    M. R. HAWKESWORTH, M. A. O'DWYER, J. WALKER, P. FOWLES, J. HERITAGE, P. A. E. STEWART, R. C. WITCOMB, J. E. BATEMAN, J. F. CONNOLLY, R. STEPHENSON, Nucl. Instr. and Meth., A253 (1986) 145.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    J. HERITAGE, T. J. HOYES, P. A. E. STEWART, R. G. WITCOMB, J. E. BATEMAN, J. F. CONNOLLY, R. STEPHENSON, P. FOWLES, M. R. HAWKESWORTH, M. A. O'DWYER, J. WALKER, IMechE, C71 (1985).Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Computer Systems, 8, #1 (1988) 25.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    D. J. PARKER, M. R. HAWKESWORTH, C. J. BROADBENT, P. FOWLES, T. D. FRYER, P. A. MCNEIL, Nucl. Instr. and Meth., A348 (1994) 583.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    J. RHODES,Radiation Thickness Gauging, P.O. Box 201784, Austin TX 78720 (1992).Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    E. SCHNEIDER, G. VANEMAN, SAE Paper No. 860567 (1986).Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    G. ENTINE, K. BOROWSKI, P. LIEBERMAN, F. SINCLAIR. S. AFSHARI, M. SQUILLANTE, Proc. Sensors Expo. (1987) 153.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    E. SCHNEIDER, APCA Journal, 32, 5 (1982) 521.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    M. SHORT, S. BONFIGLIO, Proc. Workshop Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spect., NBS-SP-604 (1981) 391.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    S. TOROK, R. VAN GRIEKEN, Anal. Chem., 66 (1994) 186R.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    W. EHMANN, K. ROBERTSON, S. YATES, Anal. Chem., 66 (1994) 229R.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    S. PIOREK, Nucl. Inst. and Meth. A353 (1994) 528.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    E. SCHNEIDER, R. HILL, Nucl. Inst. and Meth. 193 (1982) 303.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    E. SCHNEIDER, D. BLOSSFELD, SAE Paper No. 900224 (1990).Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    E. SCHNEIDER, D. BLOSSFELD, D. LECHMAN, R. HILL, R. REISING, J. BREVICK, SAE Paper No. 930796 (1993).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. W. Schneider
    • 1
  • S. O. Yusuf
    • 1
  1. 1.Analytical Chemistry DepartmentGeneral Motors Research and Development CenterWarren(USA)

Personalised recommendations