Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 168, Issue 2, pp 449–455 | Cite as

Determination of trace impurities in gallium arsenide by NAA

  • G. Erdtmann
  • H. Petri
  • F. Picht


GaAs is not an ideal matrix for INAA because elements yielding activation products with half-lives up to about 5 d cannot be measured due to the interference by72Ga and76As (t1/2=14.1 h and 26.4 h, respectively). The measurement of radionuclides with longer half-lives is interfered with by74As (t1/2=17.7 d), generated by fast neutrons. However, using an irradiation facility with a very low flux of fast neutrons, in which the generation of74As is minimal, five elements could be determined in GaAs (Cr, Co, Zn, Ag, and Hg). For 27 elements the detection limits were below 1 μg/g and for ten of them below 10 ng/g. The determination of nitrogen in GaAs has been carried out using the (n, p)-reaction on14N, which is induced by thermal neutrons. The activation product,14C, can be effectively separated and purified via14CO2 and counted with high efficiency in a liquid scintillation counter, and nitrogen can be determined with fairly low detection limits if sufficiently high neutron fluxes and long irradiation times are applied. The procedure described is based on a reactor irradiation with a thermal flux of 2·1014 n·cm−2·s−1 for 51 days. 0.16±0.09 μg/g N in GaAs were determined and the detection limit was about 3 ng/g.


GaAs Radionuclide Gallium INAA Neutron Flux 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    F. DECORTE, S. SIMONITS, A. DEWISPELAERE, J. HOSTE, L. MOENS, A. DEMETER, INW/KFKI Interim Report, 1986.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. EERDTMANN, H. PETRI, B. KAYSSER, G. KÜPPERS, J. Trace Micropr. Techn, 6 (1988) 337.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    W. MAENHAUT, Anal. Chim. Acta, 75 (1975) 31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. P. MYKYTIUK, P. SEMENIUK, S. BERMAN, Spectrochim. Acta, Rev. 13 (1990) 1.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. KÜPPERS, G. ERDTMANN, these Proceedings.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. S. LIU, P. Y. CHEN, Z. B. ALFASSI, M. H. YANG, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 141 (1990) 317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    CH. ENGELMANN, Isotop. Radiat. Technol., 8 (1970) 118.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    E. GRALLATH, in: Gase in Metallen, Oberursel, 1979, p. 179.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. COULOMBEAU, E. JAUDON, Chim. Anal. (Paris), 42 (1960) 61.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    CH. ENGELMANN, J. GOSSET, C. GRUMET, J. Radioanal. Chem., 28 (1975) 185.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    G. BEURTON, J. Radioanal. Chem., 77 (1983) 123.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    P. GUAZZONI, Thèse. Université de Grenoble 9/1970. U. S. A. E. C. NP-18566.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. FEDOROFF, V. N. SAMOSYUK, J. C. ROUCHAUD, C. LOOS-NESCOVIC, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 112 (1987) 395.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Erdtmann
    • 1
  • H. Petri
    • 1
  • F. Picht
    • 1
  1. 1.Central Divison of Chemcial AnalysisResearch Center Jülich Gmbh (KFA)Jülich(Germany)

Personalised recommendations