Mobilization and fractionation of137Cs in calcareous soils

  • A. A. Fahad
  • A. W. Ali
  • R. M. Shihab
Article

Abstract

Mobility of137Cs was investigated in columns of calcareous loam and clay soils leached under river water, NH4OAc, KCl, CaCl2, and EDTA. Fractionation of Cs into ten sequential fractions was accomplished in the leached soils as well as in soil samples received carrier-free137Cs and incubated for 60 d. At the end of 90 d of leaching with river water and CaCl2, the bulk of Cs applied (>97%) was found to remain in the upper 1 cm of soil columns. On the other hand, the reduction in Cs concentration was approximately 30% with NH4OAc, 18% with KCl, and 10 to 25% with EDTA. The major soil constituents appeared to be responsible for retaining Cs were clay, silt, and Fe oxides. The leaching consistently increased the magnitude of fractions bound to clay minerals and in most cases decreased the fractions of water soluble, exchangeable, carbonate, and organic matter.

Keywords

Calcareous Clay Organic Matter EDTA Soil Sample 

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Fahad
    • 1
  • A. W. Ali
    • 1
  • R. M. Shihab
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Agriculture and BiologyNuclear Research CenterBaghdad(Iraq)

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