Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 439–453 | Cite as

Metabolism of 1,8-cineole in tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia andM. linariifolia) by pyrgo beetle (Paropsisterna tigrina)

  • Ian A. Southwell
  • Craig D. A. Maddox
  • Myron P. Zalucki


The frass of the pyrgo beetle (Paropsisterna tigrina) feeding on commercial plantations of the terpinen-4-ol chemical variety of the Australian tea tree.Melaleuca alternifolia, was found to contain a volatile oil almost identical to the essential oil of the ingested leaf. When beetles were fed leaf containing substantial quantities of 1,8-cineole, the predominant frass metabolite as determined by MS, IR,13C and1H NMR, GC, and CoGC was (+)-2β-hydroxycineole. Both male and female adults and larvae metabolizedMelaleuca oils in similar ways.

Key Words

Coleoptera Chrysomelidae Paropsisterna tigrina pyrgo beetle Melaleuca alternifolia M. linariifolia Myrtaceae volatile oil metabolism 1,8-cineole hydroxycineole (+)-2β-hydroxycineole 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian A. Southwell
    • 1
  • Craig D. A. Maddox
    • 1
  • Myron P. Zalucki
    • 2
  1. 1.Wollongbar Agricultural InstituteWollongbarAustralia
  2. 2.Department of EntomologyUniversity of QueenslandSt. LuciaAustralia

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