Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 331–341 | Cite as

Outdoor attractancy of males ofMatsucoccus josephi (Homoptera: Matsucoccidae) andElatophilus hebraicus (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) to synthetic female sex pheromone ofMatsucoccus josephi

  • Zvi Mendel
  • Lev Zegelman
  • Alfred Hassner
  • Fabienne Assael
  • Miriam Harel
  • Shlomo Tam
  • Ezra Dunkelblum
Article

Abstract

The active component of the sex pheromone ofMatsucoccus josephi is (2E,6E,8E)-5,7-dimethyl-2,6,8-decatrien-4-one; the chemical is also a powerful kairomone of adult males and females of the bugElatophilus hebraicus the principal predator ofM. josephi. The presence of theZ isomer (2E,6Z,8E)-5,7-dimethyl-2,6,8-decatrien-4-one does not interfere with the attractancy of the activeE component forM. josephi males or the bug. Our results show a clear dose-response between trap catch ofM. josephi males andE. hebraicus. Conversely, increasing amounts of theZ isomer in the mixture did not affect the attraction of the scale insect males or the bug. The catch ofM. josephi males did not differ significantly among traps of different color, and was significantly higher with traps attached to the tree trunk than those suspended between trees. Comparison of the catch ofM. josephi among the three forests and between pine species suggests that the level of infestation ofPinus halepepsis andPinus brutia ssp.brutia is similar, despite the fact that the latter pine is resistant to the scale insect. Both sexes ofE. hebraicus were trapped in much lower numbers at the more infested sites. This may be related to interference with the activity ofE. hebraicus due to deterioration and drying of parts of the tree crowns and heavy colonization by generalist predators in injured trees.

Key Words

Matsucoccus josephi Elatophilus hebraicus Homoptera Heteroptera Matsucoccidae Anthocoridae scale insect pine bast scale predator Pinus halepensis Pinus brutia sex pheromone (2E,6E,8E)-5,7-dimethyl-2,6,8-decatrien-4-one trap color trap position 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zvi Mendel
    • 1
  • Lev Zegelman
    • 2
  • Alfred Hassner
    • 2
  • Fabienne Assael
    • 1
  • Miriam Harel
    • 1
  • Shlomo Tam
    • 1
  • Ezra Dunkelblum
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Plant Protection, AROThe Volcani CenterBet DaganIsrael
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryBar-Ilan UniversityRamat GanIsrael

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