Extractive separation of trace amounts of mercury, cadmium and zinc

  • D. Sandhya
  • M. S. Subramanian


A simple solvent extraction procedure is reported for the sequential separation of mercury(II), cadmium(II) and zinc(II). Mercury is separated first using 1,3-diphenyl-2-thiourea in chloroform at an overall acidity of 0.3M HCl. Then cadmium separated using the same reagent at pH 10 into dichloromethane. The zinc which is remaining in the aqueous phase is then quantitatively extracted into toluene-cyclohexanol mixture using 2-mercaptobenzoxazole. Suitable stripping solutions have been proposed for the re-extraction of these metal ions for their subsequent estimations. The method has been made highly selective by the use of appropriate masking agents and has been applied in conjunction with estimation procedures for the determination of these metal ions in city waste incineration ash (CRM 176), mercuric chloride (A. R. grade) and in magnesium alloy samples.


Zinc Mercury Cadmium Acidity Dichloromethane 
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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Sandhya
    • 1
  • M. S. Subramanian
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryIndian Institute of Technology MadrasChennaiIndia

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