Boundary-Layer Meteorology

, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 477–487 | Cite as

Lake Kinneret (Sea of Galilee) and its exceptional wind system

  • Arieh Bitan


From 1973–1976, research was performed around the Sea of Galilee, aimed at examining the wind regime in the area and whether the area develops a land-sea breeze despite its particular topographical location.

The main conclusions were:

  1. (1)

    During the summer mornings a lake breeze develops, blowing towards the shores of the lake. It ceases at the peak of its development when a westerly wind, originating in the development of a breeze along the Israeli Mediterranean coast, plunges towards the lake.

  2. (2)

    Late at night, a wind flow develops from the land towards the lake, which combines with the katabatic winds that blow along the steep slopes surrounding the Kinneret.

  3. (3)

    The stations at the upper level, at a height of 400–500 m above the Kinneret, are not affected by the lake breeze during the day or by the land breeze at night.

  4. (4)

    In winter, the Kinneret lake breeze is almost as developed as in summer, because the westerly winds, originating in the Mediterranean sea breeze which hardly develops in this season, do not plunge into the Kinneret.



Steep Slope Westerly Wind Mediterranean Coast Wind Flow Topographical Location 
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  1. Bitan, A.: 1974, ‘The Wind Regime in the North-West Section of the Dead Sea’,Arch. Met. Geophys. Bioklim. Ser. B,22, 313–335.Google Scholar
  2. Bitan, A.: 1977, ‘The Influence of the Special Shape of the Dead Sea and its Environment of the Local Wind System’,Arch. Met. Geophys. Bioklim. Ser. B,24, 283–301.Google Scholar
  3. Serruya, S.: 1975, ‘Wind, Water Temperature and Motions in Lake Kinneret: General Pattern’,Verh. Internat. Venein. Limol. 19, 73–87.Google Scholar
  4. Serruya, C.: 1978, ‘Lake Kinneret’, Dr W. Jung bv, Publisher, The Hague, pp. 49–68.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Co. 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arieh Bitan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyTel-Aviv UniversityTel-AvivIsrael

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