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Putative chemical signals from white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). Urinary and vaginal mucus volatiles excreted by females during breeding season

Abstract

Urine and vaginal mucus samples from female white-tailed deer in estrus and mid-cycle were analyzed by combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Forty-four volatiles were found in mucus and 63 in urine. The volatiles common to both vaginal mucus and urine included alcohols, aldehydes, furans, ketones, alkanes, and alkenes. Aromatic hydrocarbons were present only in the vaginal mucus, whereas pyrans, amines, esters, and phenols were found only in urine. Both estrous mucus and estrous urine could be identified by the presence of specific compounds not present in mid-cycle samples. Numerous compounds exhibited dependency on ovarian hormones.

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Jemiolo, B., Miller, K.V., Wiesler, D. et al. Putative chemical signals from white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). Urinary and vaginal mucus volatiles excreted by females during breeding season. J Chem Ecol 21, 869–879 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02033467

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02033467

Key Words

  • Chemosignals
  • deer
  • Odocoileus virginianus
  • urine
  • vaginal mucus
  • volatiles