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Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 21, Issue 6, pp 869–879 | Cite as

Putative chemical signals from white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). Urinary and vaginal mucus volatiles excreted by females during breeding season

  • B. Jemiolo
  • K. V. Miller
  • D. Wiesler
  • I. Jelinek
  • M. Novotny
  • R. L. Marchinton
Article

Abstract

Urine and vaginal mucus samples from female white-tailed deer in estrus and mid-cycle were analyzed by combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Forty-four volatiles were found in mucus and 63 in urine. The volatiles common to both vaginal mucus and urine included alcohols, aldehydes, furans, ketones, alkanes, and alkenes. Aromatic hydrocarbons were present only in the vaginal mucus, whereas pyrans, amines, esters, and phenols were found only in urine. Both estrous mucus and estrous urine could be identified by the presence of specific compounds not present in mid-cycle samples. Numerous compounds exhibited dependency on ovarian hormones.

Key Words

Chemosignals deer Odocoileus virginianus urine vaginal mucus volatiles 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Jemiolo
    • 1
  • K. V. Miller
    • 2
  • D. Wiesler
    • 1
  • I. Jelinek
    • 1
  • M. Novotny
    • 1
  • R. L. Marchinton
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryIndiana UniversityBloomington
  2. 2.D.B. Warnell School of Forest ResourcesUniversity of GeorgiaAthens

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