Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 21, Issue 6, pp 859–867 | Cite as

Chemical nature of larval osmeterial secretions of papilionid butterflies in the generaParnassius, Sericinus andPachliopta

  • Keiichi Honda
  • Nanao Hayashi


Volatile components of the larval osmeterial secretion ofParnassius glacialis (Parnassiinae, Parnassiini) consisted of isobutyric acid, 2-methylbutyric acid, and their methyl esters. In contrast, the osmeterial exudate ofSericinus montela (Parnassiinae, Zerynthiini) was characterized as monoterpene hydrocarbons comprisingβ-myrcene (Major),α-pinene, sabinene, limonene, andβ-phellandrene, whereas that ofPachliopta aristolochiae (Papilioninae, Troidini) was composed of numerous sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, includingα-himachalene,α-amorphene, and germacrene-A, and a few oxygenated sesquiterpenoids. In these three species, the chemical nature of the secretions of the last and the penultimate instars was essentially of similar quality, suggesting that the three genera,Parnassius, Sericinus, andPachliopta, are assigned to homogeneous types.

Key Words

Osmeterial secretion Lepidoptera Papilionidae Parnassiinae Papilioninae Parnassius glacialis Sericinus montela Pachliopta aristolochiae aliphatic acid and ester monoterpene sesquiterpene 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Keiichi Honda
    • 1
  • Nanao Hayashi
    • 1
  1. 1.Study of Environmental Sciences Faculty of Integrated Arts and SciencesHiroshima UniversityHigashihiroshimaJapan

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