Infection

, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 240–241 | Cite as

Clinical relevance of pneumococcal antigen detection in urine

  • W. G. Boersma
  • Y. Holloway
Letter To The Editor

Keywords

Public Health Internal Medicine Infectious Disease General Practice Clinical Relevance 

References

  1. 1.
    Boersma, W. G., Löwenberg, A., Holloway, Y., Kuttschrütter, H., Snijder, J. A. M., Koëter, G. H. Pneumococcal capsular antigen detection and pneumococcal serology in patients with community-acquired pneumonia. Thorax 46 (1991) 902–906.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Tugwell, P., Greenwood, B. M. Pneumoccal antigen in lobar pneumonia. J. Clin. Pathol. 28 (1975) 118–123.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cerosaletti, K. M., Roghmann, M. C., Bentley, D. W. Comparison of latex agglutination and counterimmunoelectrophoresis for the detection of pneumococcal antigen in elderly pneumonia patients. J. Clin. Microbiol. 22 (1985) 553–557.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ajello, G. W., Bolan, G. A., Hayes, P. S., Lehmann, D., Montgomery, J., Feeley, J. C., Perlino, C. A., Broome, C. V. Commercial latex agglutination tests for detection ofHaemophilus influenzae type b andStreptococcus pneumoniae antigens in patients with bacteremic pneumonia. J. Clin. Microbiol. 25 (1987) 1388–1391.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lenthe-Eboa, S., Brighouse, G., Auckenthaler, R., Lew, D., Zahlen, A., Lambert, P.-H., Waldvogel, F. A. Comparison of immunological methods for diagnosis of pneumococcal pneumonia in biological fluids. Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. 6 (1987) 28–34.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Coonrod, J. D. Urine as an antigen reservoir for diagnosis of infectious diseases. Am. J. Med. 75 (1983) S85-S92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Noonan, K. D. Latex agglutination testing: the importance of the microenvironment. Clin. Microbiol. Newsl. 6 (1984) 20–21.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    O'Neill, K. P., Lloyd-Evans, N., Campbell, H., Forgie, I. M., Sabally, S., Greenwood, B. M. Latex agglutination test for diagnosing pneumococcal pneumonia in children in developing countries. Br. Med. J. 298 (1989) 1061–1064.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Holloway, Y., Boersma, W. G., Kuttschrütter, H., Snijder, J. A. M. Minimum number of pneumococci required for capsular antigen to be detectable by latex agglutination. J. Clin. Microbiol. 30 (1992) 517–519.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© MMV Medizin Verlag GmbH München 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. G. Boersma
    • 1
  • Y. Holloway
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. of Pulmonary DiseasesUniversity HospitalGroningen
  2. 2.Immunology Research, Regional Public Health Laboratory, vanGroningenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations