Advertisement

Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp 205–219 | Cite as

The pejibaye palm (Bactris gasipaes H.B.K.) as an agroforestry component

  • Charles R. Clement
Article

Abstract

The pejibaye palm was domesticated by the Amerindians as part of their indigenous agroforestry systems. The multiple uses of its fruit make it an attractive food species, while high production makes it an attractive economic proposition. Its growth habit is ideal for a canopy strata in some types of agroforestry schemes and, by controlling the number of stems to be maintained, may be modified to fit different species mixes. Several Brazilian mixed cropping experiments are mentioned, although results are not yet available. The Costa Rican experience with pejibaye * coffee mixed cropping is examined, with special reference to Tucurrique, Cartago. Two hectares of pejibaye, with coffee and banana are shown to lucrative. Research needs are discussed, with special emphasis on the question of multiple versus single stemmed plantings and modifications of the pejibaye ideotype for use in multi-stemmed, multi-species plantations. The pejibaye has significant potential for the small farmer and a greater potential if improved for both agroforestry and monoculture.

Keywords

Special Reference Agroforestry System Significant Potential Growth Habit Small Farmer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Alves MLB and Chaves FWB (1982) Testes preliminares para o controle de podridão negra de pupunha. Acta Amazonica 12(3): 499–502.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Arkcoll DB (1982) Considerações sobre a produção de alimentos por árvores e florestas. Acta Amazonica 12(2): 247–249Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Arkcoll DB and Aguiar JPL (1984) Peach palm (Bactris gasipaes H.B.K.), a new source of vegetable oil from the wet tropics. J Sci Food Agric 35: 520–526Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Blaak G (1980) Vegetative propagation of pejibaye. Turrialba 30(3): 258–261Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Carlowitz PG von (1985) The relevance of multipurpose tree yield data to agroforestry research and development and to agroforestry systems analysis. In: Arboles de Uso Multiple en Sistemas Agroforestales. 2ndo Reunion, IUFRO Work. Gp 51.07.07. Turrialba, Costa RicaGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Clement CR and Arkcoll DB (1979) A politica florestal e o futuro promissor da fruticultura na Amazónia. Acta Amazonica 9(4): 173–177Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Clement CR and Mora Urpi J (1984) The pejibaye (Bactris gasipaes H.B.K., Palmae): multi-use potential for the lowland humid tropics. In: 23rd Annual Reunion, Soc Economic Botany, College Station, TXGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Clement CR and Coradin L (1985) Final report, Peach Palm (Batris gasipaes H.B.K.) Germplasm Bank. US AID, project report, San Jose, Costa Rica, 174 pGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Corley RHV (1983) Potential productivity of tropical perennial crops. Expl Agric 19: 217–237Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Corley RHV, Hardon JJ and Tan GY (1971) Analysis of growth of the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) I. Estimation of growth parameters and application in breeding. Euphytica 20: 307–315Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ferreira SAN, Clement CR and Ranzani G (1980) Contribuição para o conhecimento do sistema radicular da pupunha (Bactris gasipaes H.B.K.). I. Solo Latos-solo Amarelo, textura media. Acta Amazonica 10(2): 245–249Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Granados L, G (1985) Estudio sobre producción y comercialización del pejibaye (Bactris gasipaes H.B.K.) en el canton de Jimenez, Cartago, UCR/CATIE/GTZ. 30 pGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Janos DP (1977) Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae effect the growth of Bactris gasipaes H.B.K. Principles 21(1): 12–18Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Johannessen CL (1966) Pejibaye palm: yields, prices and labor costs. Econ Bot 20(3): 302–315.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Johnson DV (1983) Multi-purpose palms in agroforestry: a classification and assessment. Intn'l Tree Crops J 2: 217–244Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mora Urpi J (1984) El pejibaye (Bactris gasipaes H.B.K.): origen, biologia floral y manejo agronomico. In: Palmeras poco utilizadas de America Tropical: 118–160 FAO/CATIE, San Jose (Costa Rica)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mora Urpi J, Vargas E, Lopez CA, Villaplana M, Allon G and Blanco C (1984) The pejibaye palm (Bactris gasipaes H.B.K.). FAO, San Jose, Costa Rica, 16 pGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Murillo RMG, Kronenberg MA, Mata SJ, Calzada J and Castro V (1983) Estudio preliminar sobre factores inhibidores de enzimas proteoliticas presentes en la harina de pejibaye. Rev Biol Trop 31(2): 227–231Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Patiño VM (1963) Plantes cultivadas y animales domesticos en America Equinoccial. Imp Dept Cali, Colombia, 6 volGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Watson GA (1983) Development of mixed tree and food crop systems in the humid tropics: a response to population pressure and de-forestation. Expl Agric 19: 311–332Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff/Dr W. Junk Publishers 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles R. Clement
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia-INPAManaus, AMBrasil

Personalised recommendations