Applied Scientific Research

, Volume 48, Issue 2, pp 129–139 | Cite as

Finite element modeling of transport in porous media

  • Arnold Verruijt


Modern computational techniques enable, in principle, the modeling of transport in porous media, involving convection, adsorption and dispersion. Implementation of the techniques for practical problems leads to various difficulties, however. One of these is the difference in horizontal and vertical scales in natural situations; other difficulties encountered are numerical dispersion and the flow near singularities. In order to overcome these difficulties a two-dimensional flow model has been adapted to incorporate three-dimensional velocity components. This procedure takes into account that in regional flow fields the horizontal flow components in aquifers are much larger than the vertical components, and yet it enables to observe transport in vertical direction. Numerical dispersion is suppressed by particle tracking.


Convection Porous Medium Flow Field Finite Element Modeling Flow Model 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bear, J.,Dynamics of Fluids in Porous Media, American Elsevier, New York (1972).Google Scholar
  2. Bear, J. and Verruijt, A.,Modeling Groundwater Flow and Pollution, Reidel, Dordrecht (1987).Google Scholar
  3. Kinzelbach, W.,Groundwater Modelling, Elsevier, Amsterdam (1986).Google Scholar
  4. Konikow, L.F. and Bredehoeft, J.D., Computer model of two-dimensional solute transport and dispersion in ground water,Techniques of Water Resources Investigations of the USGS, Book 7, Chapter C2 (1978).Google Scholar
  5. Prickett, T.A. and Lonnquist, C.G., Selected digital computer techniques for ground-water resource evaluation,Illinois Water Survey Publ. 55 (1971) 1–62.Google Scholar
  6. Strack, O.D.L., Three-dimensional streamlines in Dupuit-Forchheimer models,Water Resources Research 20 (1984) 812–822.Google Scholar
  7. Strack, O.D.L.,Groundwater Mechanics, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J. (1989).Google Scholar
  8. Uffink, G.J.M.,Analysis of Dispersion by the Random Walk Method, Ph.D. Thesis, Delft (1990).Google Scholar
  9. Verruijt, A.,Groundwater Flow, Macmillan, London (1970).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arnold Verruijt
    • 1
  1. 1.Delft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations