Radiation and Environmental Biophysics

, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 95–113 | Cite as

Time effects in molecular radiation Biology

  • G. E. Adams
  • D. G. Jameson
Article

Summary

Radiation action occurs over a broad timescale which extends from the very early physical processes associated with energy absorption to the very late biological effects, such as carcinogenesis which may not become apparent until many years later. The various temporal stages of radiation action are classified and their interrelationships described. Experimental projects in cellular radiation chemistry, including pulse radiolysis, are discussed, together with some applications of the techniques in this general area.

The paper also deals with some aspects of the oxygen effect in radiobiology and the mechanisms of its action. Various studies employing fast response techniques have been useful in verifying the role of fast free radical reactions in the oxygen effects and examples are given of some applications. Investigations with other hypoxic cell sensitizers, the electron affinic agents, are also briefly discussed, with an account of how studies of the timescale of radiation sensitization can be valuable in understanding mechanisms. Possible mechanisms of action of radiation sensitization by oxygen and other agents, including radical fixation and direct action processes, are considered in the light of evidence from some model systems.

Keywords

Radiation Action Cell Sensitizer General Area Hypoxic Cell Free Radical Reaction 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. E. Adams
    • 1
  • D. G. Jameson
    • 2
  1. 1.Physics DivisionInstitute of Cancer ResearchSutton, SurreyEngland
  2. 2.Physics DepartmentMiddlesex Hospital Medical SchoolLondonEngland

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